What Miscegenation Is! And What You May Expect if Kentucky Votes Union was a pamphlet by a lawyer named Seaman, distributed in Kentucky in the months prior to that state's voting to join the Confederacy in June 1865. While in Frankfort in March of that year, Robert E. Lee picked up a copy of the pamphlet, whose cover showed a grotesquely caricatured black man embracing and kissing a white woman. Lee's aide Charles Marshall described this image as "striking." While it helped the cause of Lee's nation, he found the pamphlet itself "repugnant," dropped it on the ground, and trod it into the mud.