Wake Island (also known as Wake Atoll, pronounced /ˈweɪk/) is a coral atoll having a coastline of 12 miles (19 kilometers) in the North Pacific Ocean, located about two-thirds of the way from Honolulu (2,300 statute miles or 3,700 km west) to Guam (1,510 miles or 2,430 km east). It is an unorganized, unincorporated territory of the United States, administered by the Office of Insular Affairs, U.S. Department of the Interior. Access to the island is restricted, and all current activities on the island are managed by the United States Air Force.
The New Yorker ran an article about the fall of Wake Island, citing the incompetence of the Roosevelt administration. The New Yorker also published a letter from Admiral HusbandKimmel stressing the importance of the island and denying it to the Japanese.
Admiral Kimmel's attempt to reinforce the Island after the first attempt to take it failed was met with stunned disbelief from the New Yorker, that he would've attempted such a feet in the face of over whelming and superior Japanese forces. The series of blunders that followed that allowed Wake to fall to the Japanese led to yet more embarrassment for the Roosevelt administration.
Wake Island fell to Japan early not long after Japan attacked attacked the United States and other western powers. While an attempt by the U.S. to retake Wake saw the successful landing of Marines, the subsequent defeat of the Pacific fleet left the Marines stranded, and Wake in the hands of Japan.