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Victor Emmanuel III
VictorEmmanuelIII
Historical Figure
Nationality: Italy
Date of Birth: 1869
Date of Death: 1947
Cause of Death: Natural Causes
Religion: Catholicism
Occupation: Monarch
Parents: Umberto I (father)
Margherita of Savoy (mother)
Spouse: Elena of Montenegro
Children: Five
House: Savoy
Turtledove Appearances:
Worldwar
POD: May 30, 1942
Appearance(s): In the Balance
Type of Appearance: Contemporary reference
Date of Death: Unrevealed
Victor Emmanuel III (11 November 1869 – 28 December 1947, spelt Vittorio Emmanuele in Italian) was a member of the House of Savoy and King of Italy (29 July 1900 – 9 May 1946). In addition, he claimed the titles Emperor of Ethiopia (1936–43) and King of Albania (1939–43) which were recognised by the great powers in 1937 and 1939, respectively. During his long reign, Victor Emmanuel III saw two world wars and the birth, rise, and fall of Fascism in the Kingdom of Italy. His initial approval of the actions of Benito Mussolini and the decision to bring Italy into World War II on the side of the Axis thoroughly damaged Victor Emmanuel's credibility. One year after World War II ended, a plebiscite abolished the monarchy and brought about a republic in Italy. Victor Emmanuel had abdicated prior to the voting (so that his son Umberto II got the distinction of being Italy's final monarch, reigning for a matter of weeks), knowing how unpopular he was, but it was too little, too late. He died in exile in Egypt only one year later.

Victor Emmanuel III in WorldwarEdit

Victor Emmanuel III met the Race's definition of "emperor". However, much like Hirohito of Japan, the Race deemed Victor Emmanuel a "false front" for those who wielded the true power in Italy.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. In the Balance, pg. 177.
Regnal titles
(OTL)
Preceded by
Umberto I
King of Italy
29 July 1900 – 9 May 1946
Succeeded by
Umberto II
Preceded by
Haile Selassie I
Emperor of Ethiopia
(Not internationally recognised)
9 May 1936 – 5 May 1941
Succeeded by
Haile Selassie I
Preceded by
Zog I
King of the Albanians
16 April 1939 – 8 September 1943
Succeeded by
Ibrahim Bej Biçakçiu
as Chairman of the Provisional Executive Committee (German Occupation)
Regnal titles
(Fictional Work)
Preceded by
Umberto I
King of Italy
(Worldwar)

1900–194?
Succeeded by
Unknown
Preceded by
Zog I
King of the Albanians
1939–1942
Succeeded by
Occupation forces of the Race

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