Vermont is a state in the New England region of the United States, located in the northeastern part of the country. The state ranks 43rd by land area, 9,250 square miles (24,000 km2), and 45th by total area. It has a population of 621,270, making it the second least-populated state after Wyoming. The state is bordered by New Hampshire to the east across the Connecticut River, New York to the west, Massachusetts to the south, and the Canadian province of Quebec to the north. It is the only New England state without a border with the Atlantic Ocean. Vermont's capital is Montpelier and its largest city is Burlington, both which are the least populated of the capitals and largest cities of the 50 states.
Two U.S. presidents, who had previously been vice presidents until their benefactors died in office, were born in Vermont: Chester Alan Arthur in Fairfield in 1829, and Calvin Coolidge in Plymouth in 1872. Another vice president, Levi Parsons Morton, was born in Shoreham in 1824.
From 1777 to 1791, Vermont was an independent country known as the "Vermont Republic". Vermont became the 14th state of the United States on March 4, 1791 and was the first state to not be part of the original 13 colonies. It was also the first state and area in North America to abolish slavery, which it did in 1777 in its Constitution while it was still an independent country.
Politically, Vermont (along with the rest of New England) was a rock-ribbed Conservative Democratic state, and had been for years. For example, the state voted for native son Calvin Coolidge in 1928, though he lost to SocialistHosea Blackford by a narrow margin. Coolidge carried the state again in 1932. In addition, Thomas Dewey maintained an early lead there in 1944.