The Chancellor of Germany is the head of government of Germany. In German politics the Chancellor is equivalent to that of a Prime Minister in many other countries.
The office of Chancellor has a long history, stemming back to the Holy Roman Empire. The title was at times used in several states of German-speaking Europe. The modern office of Chancellor was established with the North German Confederation, of which Otto von Bismarck became Chancellor in 1867. After the Unification of Germany in 1871, the office became known in German as Reichskanzler, although it continued to be referred to as Chancellor in English.
With the collapse of the empire in 1918, a republic, known as the Weimar Republic, was formed, with a presidential office replacing th…Read more >
Just a quick list since Jonathan is on the Darkness kick. Gleaned these from Amazon search inside.
- Jauhainen/Juhainen (TtD, JotD, OotD) (nephew and successor of Joroinen)
- Joroinen (ItD, DD)
- Parainen (DD)
- Renavall (RotD)
- Rustolainen (DD)
Not sure how we want to handle the whole concept of the Seven Princes.Read more >
This is a list of known presidential nominees in the works of Harry Turtledove.
Election Candidate Won (Y/N?)
1876 Samuel J. Tilden
(presumed) Alfred Thayer Mahan
(presumed) Thomas Reed
1912 Theodore Roosevelt
1928 Calvin Coolidge
1936 Herbert Hoover
1940 Robert Taft
1944 Thomas Dewey
In The Guns of the South, Horatio Seymour is the Democratic nominee in 1864. Seymour wins.
In both the short story and the novel Joe Steele, the eponymous Steele is the Democratic nominee in 1932, 1936, 1940, 1944, and 1952. Steele wins each election.
In The War That Came Early, Franklin D. Roosevelt receives the Democratic n…
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This blog contains the heads of state of Spain (in its various forms) that appear as characters in the works of Harry Turtledove. They may or may not hold the office of head of state in a given Turtledove work.
Throughout most of its history, Spain has been a monarchy. The foundation for the unification of the modern state of Spain began in the late 15th Century by the marriage of Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile, and the subsequent reconquest of the Iberian Peninsula from the Moors, with the final victory being achieved in 1492. The final unification came with the ascension of Charles I in 1516, who ruled over what came to be seen as Spain's Golden Age. The Hapsburg line ended with Charles II in 1700, and the Bourbon dynasty …Read more >
The Secretary of State, appointed by the President of the United States with the advice and consent of the Senate, is the President's chief foreign affairs adviser. The Secretary carries out the President's foreign policies through the State Department and the Foreign Service of the United States.
In addition, the Secretary of State retains domestic responsibilities that Congress entrusted to the State Department in 1789. These include the custody of the Great Seal of the United States, the preparation of certain presidential proclamations, the publication of treaties and international acts as well as the official record of the foreign relations of the United States, and the custody of certain original treaties and international agreements. …Read more >