Running on the Democratic Party ticket. PresidentHerbert Hoover of California was renominated for president while Senator William Borah of Idaho was chosen as his running mate. Hoover had not had a Vice President since he had succeeded President-Elect Calvin Coolidge, who died before he was sworn in as president in 1933. As Herbert Hoover was the Vice-President Elect, he was sworn in as president. There was no mechanism for replacing the VP.
In four years Hoover and the Democrats had failed to end the Depression, or even make progress in doing so. Smith promised to make reforms and have the government intervene on behalf of the American people, which contrasted sharply with the Democrats' laissez faire policy. Smith also promised to explore solutions to the brewing crisis in the states formerly belonging to the Confederate States of America -- Kentucky, Sequoyah, and western Texas (Houston), as well as the Mormon problem in the state of Utah. Hoover continued advocating strong national defense, especially in the wake of recent Confederate rearmament under Jake Featherston. Ironically, up to this point, Hoover had shown indifference to Confederate rearmament, and had even permitted it to some extent to the allow the C.S. to put down "radical elements" of the Confederacy's Negro population.