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United States presidential election, 1864
United States
1860 ←
November 8, 1864
→ 1868

  HSeymour Lincoln
Nominee Horatio Seymour Abraham Lincoln
Party Democratic Republican
Home state New York Illinois
Running mate Clement Vallandigham Hannibal Hamlin
Electoral vote 138 83
States carried 10 12
Popular vote 1,671,580 1,638,415

  Fremont McClellan
Nominee John C. Frémont George McClellan
Party Republican Independent
Home state California New Jersey
Running mate Andrew Johnson Edward Everett
Electoral vote 3 10
States carried 1 2
Popular vote 436,337 287,749

President before election

Abraham Lincoln
Republican

Elected President

Horatio Seymour
Democratic

The United States presidential election of 1864 came on the heels of the unexpected victory of the Confederate States, ending what came to be called the Second American Revolution. This unforeseen reversal of fortunes left the U.S. political process reeling, and saw a schism of the Republican Party, while the Democratic Party found itself compromising a variety of disparate views in a bid for victory.

Nominations Edit

Republicans Edit

Robert E. Lee's seizure of Washington City delayed the convention in Baltimore, but when it finally took place it renominated President Abraham Lincoln and Vice President Hannibal Hamlin respectively. In response the Radical Republicans seceded (a word used by both the Richmond Dispatch and the northern papers) and put forward General John C. Frémont (who had attempted to free Missouri's slaves in 1861, only to be overruled by Lincoln) with Senator Andrew Johnson of Tennessee, who still adamantly refused to admit that his home state no longer accepted the authority of Washington D.C.

Democrats Edit

In no better condition than the Republicans, the Democrats had barely finished nominating Governor Horatio Seymour of New York and Clement Vallandigham of Ohio on Semptember 5. This mismatched ticket (Seymour tended to be a War Democrat, and Vallandigham was a Copperhead) illustrated just how confused the Democrats were. General George McClellan had announced he would run an independent campaign like Frémont, with Edward Everett as his running mate.

Campaign Edit

During late September, Frémont gave a series of fiery speeches that put Lincoln on the defensive. Some former Democrats, like Benjamin Butler, had one foot and a couple of toes in the Frémont camp. Others, Lincoln loyalists like Edwin M. Stanton, were sorry to see the path ahead so rocky. Other Republicans, like William Seward, were against Lincoln but still within the party. At this time, McClellan was calling for an invasion of the Canadas.

ResultsEdit

It took until November 19 to work out whether Lincoln or Seymour had won, but Seymour ultimately triumphed. Lincoln actually took 12 states to Seymour's 10; McClellan won tiny, conservative Delaware and his home state of New Jersey, while Frémont prevailed only in radical Kansas. New York, Ohio and Pennsylvania gave Seymour 80 of his 138 electoral votes, while Lincoln garnered 83, McClellan 10, and Frémont but 3. Out of 4,000,000 votes cast, Seymour led Lincoln by but 32,000 (Seymour/Vallandigham: 1,671,580; Lincoln/Hamlin:1,638,415; Frémont/Johnson:436,337; McClellan/Everett;287,749).

States won by Seymour/Vallandigham
States won by Lincoln/Hamlin
States won by Frémont/Johnson
States won by McClellan/Everett

Horatio Seymour

Democratic
Abraham Lincoln

Republican
John C. Frémont

Radical Republican
George B. McClellan

Independent
State Total
State electoral
votes
# % electoral
votes
# % electoral
votes
# % electoral
votes
# % electoral
votes
#
California5 38,64936.5.6536,10834.1-12,37911.7-19,86018.7-105,890100
Connecticut6 29,65334.1-35,74041.1611,91313.7-9,65211.0-86,958100
Delaware3 4,94129.2-4,87428.8-1,2187.2-5,88934.8316,922100
Illinois16 161,23346.2-164,71647.31618,4575.3-3,8311.1-348,236100
Indiana13 124,37244.413117,08941.8-29,41210.5-9,2443.3-280,117100
Iowa8 51,71638.9-62,61847.1818,45713.9-4,2543.2-132,947100
Kansas3 3,15114.6-6,21528.4-11,52453.436913.2-21,580100
Kentucky11 59,21364.41112,89214.0-1,4731.6-18,51020.1-92,088100
Maine7 40,63835.3-46,03440.1723,30320.3-4,8214.2-114,797100
Maryland7 40,89256.1718,87925.9-2,1142.9-19,90027.3-72,892100
Massachusetts12 42,46824.2-83,00547.31235,27320.1-14,7418.4-175,487100
Michigan8 71,07043.0-74,14644.9819,33811.7-6610.4-165,279100
Minnesota4 15,81837.3-19,46546.346,61515.6-13,46131.7-42,407100
Missouri11 49,14747.11137,35635.8-4,38342-13,46112.9-104,346100
Nevada3 6,81441.5-7,38945.031,6269.9-5913.6-16,420100
New Hampshire5 26,75838.4-30,15043.3511,41916.4-1,3231.9-69,630100
New Jersey7 49,05138.1-16,35012.7-12,3599.6-50,98239.67128,744100
New York33 333,20945.633293,01940.1-87,68712.0-16,8072.3-730,721100
Ohio21 219,61846.621197,93942.0-41,0028.7-12,7252.7-471,283100
Oregon3 6,7893735,21028.4-3,06416.7-3,30218-18,345100
Pennsylvania26 228,67839.926217,03337.8-55,6529.7-72,37112.6-573,735100
Rhode Island4 7,82033.948,69637.7-5,55924.1-9924.3-23,067100
Vermont5 11,87321.3-25,08345517,39131.2-1,3942.5-55,750100
West Virginia5 11,75433.7-19,58556.252,1976.3-1,0813.1-34,877100
Wisconsin8 68,99646.2866,15944.3-13,5909.1-5970.4-149,342100
TOTALS:234 1,671,58041.5138 1,638,41540.683 436,33710.83 287,7497.110 4,031,887100


OTL ElectionEdit

In OTL, the 1864 election saw Abraham Lincoln and his running mate Andrew Johnson defeat George McClellan and his running mate George Pendleton in an electoral landslide. The Lincoln-Johnson ticket carried 212 electoral votes from 22 states. In addition to this, the ticket also carried Louisiana and Tennessee's 17 electoral votes. However, since they had not been readmitted back to the Union, the Congress did not count their votes. The McClellan-Pendleton ticket only carried the states of Delaware, Kentucky, and New Jersey with 21 electoral votes.

The election is significant as the last election in which the Republican Party did not nominate a candidate; rather, in a successful attempt to court War Democrats away from McClellan was made when the Republicans endorsed the newly-created National Union Party, a temporary alliance of all political factions which believed in vigorously prosecuting the war to its conclusion. The National Union Party, with the Republican endorsement, nominated the incumbent Republican president Lincoln but jettisoned the incumbent Republican vice president, Hannibal Hamlin, in favor of Johnson, a Democrat.

McClellan's support within the Democratic Party was reduced to the Peace Democrats, who wanted a negotiated peace with the rebels. William Sherman's capture of the rebel stronghold of Atlanta gave the Union a major military victory heading into the most intense part of the campaign season, and this victory, which suggested to many Unionists that a final triumph over the Confederacy was at hand, greatly eroded support for McClellan's platform.

Supporters of Horatio Seymour lobbied hard for his nomination by the Democrats, but Seymour himself withdrew his name from consideration. He was the Democratic nominee in 1868, when he was defeated by Ulysses S. Grant.

John C. Frémont was disenchanted with Lincoln's refusal to use the Civil War as a means of dismantling slavery once and for all. He initially mounted a campaign as the nominee of the "Radical Democracy Party", a party made up primarily of Radical Republicans who wanted an end to slavery and to racial inequality. John Cochrane was his running mate. However, as the campaign progressed, Frémont realized that Lincoln's re-election was preferable to McClellan's victory, and withdrew.

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