Tomoyuki Yamashita (November 8, 1885 – February 23, 1946) was a general of the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II. He was most famous for conquering the British colonies of Malaya and Singapore, earning the nickname "The Tiger of Malaya". As a consequence of the actions of his subordinates while Japan occupied the Philippines, Yamashita was tried and convicted for war crimes after the war. He was executed in 1946.
Although Stanley Owana Laanui was made the monarch of the reconstituted, Yamashita represented the true executive authority in Hawaii (symbolized by the fact that he held an office in the Iolani Palace). Consequently, Yamashita, an Army general, was often at odds with the Imperial Japanese Navy, who carried the larger burden of defending Hawaii. When American planes led by Jimmy Doolittle bombed Hawaii in March 1942, both branches of the military were embarassed, but the Army felt that the Navy shouldered most of the burden. Yamashita frequently placed pressure on Naval officers, Commander Minoru Genda in particular, when it was learned the American submarines were regularly patrolling the island, and sinking Japanese cargo ships loaded with rice and oil.
Yamashita's forces were defeated by the large invasion forces the United States brought to Hawaii in 1943. Yamashita moved his headquarters to Pearl City, and resigned himself to defeat. True to custom, Yamashita died fighting.