Thessaloniki (Θεσσαλονίκη [θesaloˈnici]), often known by its Latin name Thessalonica, is the second-largest city in Greece, with a population of 385,406 in 2007. It is the capital of Greek Macedonia, the administrative region of Central Macedonia and the Decentralized Administration of Macedonia and Thrace. It was founded in 315 BC by Cassander of Macedon, who named it for his wife Thessalonike, half-sister of Alexander the Great. Thessalonica was an important metropolis of the Roman Empire. In the Byzantine Empire, it was used as a "co-reigning" secondary capital (Συμβασιλεύουσα [Symvasilévousa]) alongside Constantinople, reflected in the modern nickname is η Συμπρωτεύουσα (Symprotévousa), literally "the co-capital". Thessalonica fell to the Ottoman Empire in 1430, and remained under Turkish control until 8 November 1912 during the First Balkan War, when it became part of the Kingdom of Greece. Today, the city is renowned for its monuments from various cultures, festivals and events, and is considered to be Greece's cultural capital.

Thessalonica in ThessalonicaEdit

Thessalonica was a city in Roman-controlled Greece. It had a predominantly Christian population. It withstood siege by the Slavs and Avars one winter.

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