The theme of this story is summed up at the end, as Gandhi realizes that his pacifism worked because the British were at least capable of being ethical, although they didn't always act ethically. The Nazis, on the hand, were by definition unethical, and so had to be met with force.
"The Phantom Tolbukhin" could also fit into the ItPoME universe, however it cannot be in the same universe as "The Last Article", as the references to Georgy Zhukov are at odds with each other. "Last" says that he was killed by the Nazis in 1946, "Phantom" says he was killed by Stalin's Great Purge in 1937 or '8. Since Zhukov is not mentioned in ItPoME, neither reference contradicts the longer book.