Texas is a state located in the southern and southwestern regions of the United States of America. It is the second largest state in terms of both area and population.
Geographically located in the south central part of the country, Texas shares borders with the other US states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas to the southwest, while the Gulf of Mexico is to the southeast.
Texas declared its independence from Mexico in 1836 and existed as the independent Republic of Texas for nearly a decade. On December 29, 1845, it joined the United States as the 28th state. It joined the Confederate States in 1861, and returned to the Union after the American Civil War.
Texas saw a major economical boom throughout the 20th century, based largely on its substantial oil resources. This in turn drove the creation of a formidable high-tech industry.
In one alternate, Texas was one of several countries in a North America that saw the United States fail early in the 19th Century. Militarily and technologically, Texas was one of the world's great powers. Its society was one of the most racially stratified in North America. Its territory was larger than the state of the same name in the home timeline.
By 2097, Texas and Russian Alaska were the only places in North America that produced oil.
Eestexas was a region in the eastern part of the former state of Texas where tribes of hunter-gathers resided some 200 years after the world wide calamity called the Big Oops. To the east were the clans of the KayJun hunter-gathers while to the south and west were the Makykanoes. The Eestexians spoke English while the Makykanoes spoke Spanyol and the KayJuns spoke a third language.
Texas had been an area that had been colonized by settlers from the United States, but was under the government of Mexico. They rebelled in 1835, which in turn, ignited the War of Texas Independence, resulting in the short lived Republic of Texas (1836-1845), and the eventual annexation into the United States. Barely a generation later, Texas was at war again, when she voted to leave the Union, although governor Sam Houston attempted to prevent this. Throughout the war, Texas was a quiet front, and the only major action was the ill-fated expedition into the New Mexico Territory. In the aftermath of the War of Secession, Texas represented the very edge of the Confederacy, until 1881, when the CS Government under PresidentJames Longstreet, acquired the Mexican provinces of Sonora and Chihuahua, thus extending the border all the way to the Pacific Ocean. While this ignited the Second Mexican War, Texas saw no action as all major conflicts were limited to the new Confederate territories. After the war ended, the Confederacy's transcontinental railroad ran through the state as it connected both the Pacific and Atlantic coasts of the CSA.
When the Great War consumed the North American continent, Texas was a front. Warfare out on the Texas prairies was scattered without the bloodshed of trench warfare back east, but the Union still held the upper hand, driving the Confederate Army back into the state. In 1917, the US Army had captured enough territory with enough sympathizers that it was able to establish the new US State of Houston (named in honor of the late Sam Houston; ironically, the city of Houston was not a part of the new US State). After peace was declared, Texas, like the rest of the country, suffered a national trauma from both the loss of the war and the creation of the US state of Houston, which all Confederates referred to as "West Texas". Although Texas oil companies were thriving from the loss of Sequoyah and its oil deposits, the country was forced to pay huge reparations to the US, including as much oil as they could, crippling the economy. This in turn led to the rise of the right wing political party in Texas, called the Redemption League and led by Willy Knight. However, Jake Featherston's Freedom Party, which originated on the East Coast, was successful in opening at least one chapter in Texas, and eventually absorbed the Redemption League. Featherston was elected President in 1933 with Willy Knight as his Vice President. Knight was later removed from office for treason.
When the Freedom Party took the reigns of power within the Confederacy, agitators were stirred up within the US state of Houston with Confederate weapons and party ideology. This caused so many problems for the United States that in 1940, a plebiscite was called for as part of the Richmond Agreement. A strong majority voted for the return of Houston to Texas, which took place the following year.
The Second Great War began in June 1941. The Freedom Party established Camp Determination within Texas for its Population Reduction program aimed at the CSA's black residents. During 1942-3, the camp was the target for the US Eleventh Army led by Major General Abner Dowling. This resulted in a static war of attacks and counter-attacks by the elite Freedom Party Guards. By 1944, as the US 11th Army advanced past Lubbock, the United States re-admitted the State of Houston into the Union, much to the chagrin of the locals. With the US Army running roughshod over the state and the US on the road to a total victory in the war, Texas Governor Wright Patman announced his state's secession from the CSA, with himself as the president of a new republic. Patman concluded a separate peace agreement with the US, and as part of that agreement, had the Texas Rangers round up all Freedom Party higher-ups in Texas, including Jefferson Pinkard.
While the US recognized Texas as a republic for the time being, they kept a strong military presence in the area, which the Texans did not resist. A few US officials (including military lawyer Jonathan Moss) privately suspected that the US planned to annex Texas someday soon.
The Yellowstone Supervolcano eruption was so powerful that there was volcanic ash falling as far south east as Texas . This effectively wiped out the harvest in America's breadbasket for that year since the amount of ash was enough to bury crops in the fields, cover roads, train tracks and silos along with choke the engines of tractors, harvesters and trucks.