The Kingdom of Sweden is a country on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe. Sweden has land borders with Norway to the west and Finland to the northeast, and it is connected to Denmark by the Öresund Bridge in the south.
Sweden is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system of government and a highly developed economy. Sweden emerged as an independent and unified country during the Middle Ages. In the 17th century the country expanded its territories to form the Swedish Empire. Most of the conquered territories outside the Scandinavian Peninsula were lost during the 18th and 19th centuries. The eastern half of Sweden, present-day Finland, was lost to Russia in 1809. The last war in which Sweden was directly involved was in 1814, when Sweden by military means forced Norway into a personal union with Sweden, a union which lasted until 1905. Since then, Sweden has been at peace, adopting a non-aligned foreign policy in peacetime and neutrality in wartime.
Sweden was neutral when the Second World War began. Germany regularly imported iron ore from Sweden, using Norway as part of its shipping route. In 1939, when the war was reaching the end of its first year, Germany invaded first Denmark then Norway in order to "secure" its shipping lines from a potential Allied invasion.
Sweden maintained its neutrality, but began ramping up its military preparedness.
Peggy Druce was allowed to travel to Stockholm, Sweden by the German authorities in 1939, after Denmark fell. She observed the more alert level Sweden was maintaining. She concluded that Sweden would probably fall if invaded, but that they would exact a price from Germany.
Sweden was the only country Northern Europe not conquered or dominated by Germany in World War II. Sweden officially remained neutral in that war, but bordered as it was by German-conquered Norway to the west and German ally Finland to the east, it was largely dominated by the Axis.
Sweden's climate was too cold for the Race to thrive in. Between this and German protection, Sweden's independence was guaranteed by FleetlordAtvar in the Peace of Cairo despite its inability to resist the Conquest Fleet on its own. However, it did not have diplomatic relations with the Race.
Despite its close ties to the Reich, Sweden wisely refrained from declaring war on the Race when Germany invadedPoland in the 1965. While damage from fallout was considerable, Sweden itself was spared from explosive-metal bomb attacks.