Suriname is a country in northern South America, the smallest by area. It is situated between French Guiana to the east and Guyana to the west. The southern border is shared with Brazil and the northern border is the Atlantic coast.
Suriname is part of a region that was a point of conflict between the Netherlands and England. By 1667, England had recognized the Netherlands' claim over what was called Dutch Guiana, in exchange for English control over New Amsterdam. The name changed to Suriname in 1683. The region was soon home to several plantations, and slavery took hold. Aside from a brief period during the Napoleonic Wars, Suriname was a Dutch colony until it achieved complete indepence in 1975.