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Seal of the United States Supreme Court-1-
The Supreme Court of the United States, also known as the United States Supreme Court, or SCOTUS, is the highest federal court of the United States, with ultimate (and largely discretionary) appellate jurisdiction over all other courts in the nation. The Court consists of the Chief Justice of the United States and eight associate justices who are nominated by the President of the United States and confirmed by the Senate. Once appointed, justices have life tenure unless they resign, retire, take senior status, or are removed after impeachment (which has never happened as of 2015). The Court meets in the United States Supreme Court Building in Washington, D.C. The Chief Justice traditionally swears in each new US President.

Supreme Court of the United States in The Hot WarEdit

Seven of the nine Supreme Court justices were attending a lawyers' conclave in St. Louis, Missouri in May 1952, on the day when Washington, DC was hit by a Soviet atomic bomb. Thus, the Judicial Branch, which was the branch with the least to do with setting or enforcing policy for the United States, survived essentially intact.[1]

Supreme Court of the United States in Joe SteeleEdit

The Supreme Court's effectiveness as a check against executive power in the United States was broken by President Joe Steele very early in his first term.

Almost immediately after his inauguration, Steele called a special session of Congress, and, with some arm twisting, passed a series of laws that nationalized the banks, regulated lenders, restricted how managers could deal with unions, and created make work projects and community farms.[2] However, the federal judiciary began overturning the legislation on appeal, and soon, most of the Four Year Plan was before the Supreme Court, which systematically began ruling the legislation unconstitutional.[3] In response, Steele conferred with Bureau of Investigation Chief J. Edgar Hoover to investigate the justices.[4] Then Steele gave a radio speech in which he denounced the Supreme Court as nine old men who were not elected, and who were actively wrecking the country. Steele implied the Court's actions were deliberate, and promised that there would be an investigation.[5]

Hoover discovered "evidence" that four justices, soon to be called the "Supreme Court Four", were in fact colluding with Nazi Germany against the United States. In February, 1934, Hoover and a group of agents publicly arrested the Supreme Court Four for treason while they were in the middle of deliberations.[6] Subsequently, the Four face a military tribunal, where they admitted their guilt. They were convicted and sentenced to death.[7] Their attorneys appealed to the remainder of the Supreme Court and to Steele himself, to no avail; the Four were executed.[8]

In the meantime, Steele appointed four new justices, dubbed "the Rubber Stamps" by his opponents.[9] From then on, the Supreme Court gave Steele a wide berth until his death in March, 1953.

Supreme Court of the United States in Southern VictoryEdit

During the Remembrance period (1882-1920), the Supreme Court gave great deference to claims of military necessity.[10] After the end of the Great War and the election of the Socialists to the Congress and the presidency, the Court maintained its conservative complection.[11] Longtime Chief Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr., a conservative Democrat, died in 1935 and was succeeded by Cicero Pittman, of the same persuasion, who was appointed by President Herbert Hoover.

ReferencesEdit

  1. Fallout, p. 397.
  2. Joe Steele, pgs. 49-65.
  3. Ibid., pg.71-72
  4. Ibid., pg. 73-74.
  5. Ibid., pgs. 76-77.
  6. Ibid., pgs. 83-84.
  7. Ibid., pgs. 99-107.
  8. Ibid., pgs. 111, 117-118.
  9. Ibid., pg. 125.
  10. American Front, pg. 297.
  11. See, e.g. The Center Cannot Hold, pg. 335.

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