Sticklebacks are most commonly found in the ocean, but some can be found in fresh water. The freshwater taxa were trapped in Europe, Asia, and North America after the ice age, and have evolved different features from the marine species. Sticklebacks are carnivorous, feeding on small animals such as insects, crustaceans and fish larvae.
In their mating behaviour, unusual among fish, the males construct a nest from vegetation held together by secretions from their kidneys, then attract females to the nest. The female lays her eggs inside the nest where the male can fertilise them. The male then guards the eggs until they hatch.
Stickleback in "Something Going Around"Edit
Indira Patel told Stan about a type of flatworm that inhabits the intestinal tracts of sticklebacks, causing them to behave recklessly and become easier prey for herons, because the flatworms need to be in heron hosts for the next stage of their life cycle.