"Spanish nationalists" is an informal name given to a collection of Spanish generals and their supporters, largely fascist in nature, who launched an insurrection against the Republican government in 1936. After a period of civil war, the nationalists, under the leadership of General Francisco Franco, defeated the Republicans, and established the authoritarian Spanish State.
However, the Nationalists stalled in the beginning of the next year, as Sanjurjo decided to attempt to take Madrid. While the Nationalists were able to gain a foothold in the University City area, their drive was halted during the summer. By the end of the year, Madrid was still firmly in Republican hands. Concurrently, Germany and Italy and stopped supplying the Nationalist cause, as Germany continued its wider war in Europe.
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The Nationalists were a political faction in Spain in the 1930s. With the support of Britain and France, the Nationalists rose up against King Alfonso XIII, triggering the Spanish Civil War. Despite belated support from Germany, the king's supporters were defeated and Alfonso overthrown. The new Nationalist government became loosely aligned with the Entente.