The Soviet Navy (Russian: Военно-морской флот СССР, Voenno-morskoj flot SSSR, literally "Naval Fleet of the USSR") was the naval arm of the Soviet Armed Forces. Often referred to as the Red Fleet, the Soviet Navy would have had an instrumental role in a Warsaw Pact war with NATO, where it would have attempted to prevent naval convoys from bringing reinforcements across the Atlantic Ocean from North America to Western Europe. Such a conflict never occurred, but the Soviet Navy still saw considerable action during the Cold War.
Most of the Soviet Navy was reformed into the Russian Navy after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991.
The Soviet Navy was protecting supply ships travelling to Vladivostok from the US unchallenged by the Japanese Navy during World War II. This was seen as an embarrassment to many in the Naval High Command.
The Soviet Navy was fighting the Kriegsmarine in the Baltic after the Soviet Union declared war on Germany in 1938. Though the kriegsmarine was far more experienced, the Soviets managed to keep them, and later the English, at bay by deploying vast minefields in both the Baltic and the Barents seas.During the war with Japan, the Pacific Fleet was unable to match the Japanese and was confined to port for the majority of the war. In the ensuing peace, the Pacific Fleet was forced to relocate to the northern port of Magadan where it had both supply problems and ice problems during the winter.