Originally part of the Province of Carolina, the Province of South Carolina was one of the 13 colonies that declared independence from Britain during the American Revolution. It became the eighth state to ratify the Constitution on May 23, 1788.
South Carolina was the first state to vote to secede from the Union, which it attempted to do on December 20, 1860. It also became a founding state of the Confederate States of America, which in turn triggered the American Civil War. The Federal government reasserted control over the state in 1865, and South Carolina was restored to full participation in the Union in 1877.
U.S. forces invaded the state from Georgia in early 1944 as the Confederacy was in its death throes. The town of Hardeeville was effectively massacred by U.S. troops while Charleston was destroyed by a superbomb. Indeed, U.S. forces were quite determined to break South Carolina, as many perceived the state to be the "birthplace" of the Confederacy, and thus 80 years of misery.