South America is a continent (sometimes considered a subcontinent) of the Americas, situated entirely in the western hemisphere and mostly in the southern hemisphere. It is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean and on the north and east by the Atlantic Ocean; North America and the Caribbean Sea lie to the northwest.
As part of the Americas like North America, South America is named after Amerigo Vespucci, who was the first European to suggest that the Americas were not the East Indies, but a New World unknown to Europeans.
South America has an area of 17,840,000 km² (6,890,000 sq mi), or almost 3.5% of the Earth's surface. South America ranks fourth in area (after Asia, Africa, and North America).
It is comprised of some thirteen different countries and territories, the majority of which are former colonies of Spain. Brazil, the continent's largest country by both region and population, is a former colony of Portugal.
South America was sparsely settled by Spain, despite the European power's best efforts. The climate of South America was not conducive to the traditional agricultural practices of Spain, and the presence of the creatures known as the sims was a perpetual threat to colonists. Nonetheless, Spain and Portugal were both able to set up some colonies, although only two Spanish colonies, Argentina and New Granada were successful.
When the Great War began, Chile and Paraguay went to war with Argentina. The other major power of South America, the Empire of Brazil, remained neutral until 1917. When various members of the Entente in Europe fell out of the war, Brazil declared war on Argentina, helping the U.S. Navy to blockade the country. Britain was forced out of the war for want of Argentinian food supplies.
The Great War was over in North America and Europe. However, it continued in South America for one more year. When that conflict ended, others sprung up. Mercenaries from the Confederate States often participated as a means of getting military training. At least one conflict, between Colombia and Venezuela, led to some tensions between allies United States and Germany.
When the Second Great War began, the Entente and Central Powers divide remained essentially the same, although Brazil had begun to lean towards the Entente rather than the Central Powers in the interwar years.
South America was dominated by two empires: the Holy Alliance and the Portuguese Empire. The Alliance's holdings consisted of several countries: Nueva Granada on the northern part of the continent, Peru along the Pacific coast and La Plata on the southern tip and into the interior. Portugal had the massive country of Brazil. Britain maintained a foothold with British Guiana along the Atlantic coast east of Nueva Granada. East of British Guiana was Dutch Guiana and east of that was the additional Alliance holding of Franco-Spanish Guiana. All three Guianas had Brazil to the south of their boundaries.
South America participated minimally in World War II, with some fighting on the side of the Allied Forces, and others offering tacit support to the Axis. When the Raceinvaded Earth in 1942, the whole of South America was overrun and conquered. As colonies on Tosev 3 went, South America was considered one of the more stable ones by the Race. Generally, the climate of the many jungle-areas was considered warm enough by Race standards, though it was far more moist than they were comfortable with.