The Republic of South Africa is a country located on the very south of Africa. Its rich resources (most notably diamonds) have led it become an ethnically diverse part of the world, which in turn has led it become a very conflicted country. In addition to native peoples, such as the Zulu and the Xhosa, the country was a colony first of the Dutch and then the British. Many Indians settled in South Africa in the late 19th century, and Mohandas Gandhi lived there for 21 years. In the early 20th century, South Africa gained limited independence as a British dominion. It instituted a rigid legal separation of the races called Apartheid (African-Dutch for "separateness") in 1948. This system, condemned as inhumane by much of the outside world, placed Whites, a fairly small part of the population, at the top of a rigid hierarchy. Despite international disapproval, the system stayed in effect until the 1990s.
South Africa had been a British Colony in the 19th century. The United Kingdom's absolute rule over the colony came after it defeated the Zulu Nation in 1879.
By the early 20th century, South Africa was now a self-governing dominion within the British Empire. During the Great War, South Africa, like Argentina, was one of the two main suppliers of food goods to the British Isles. In 1917, the Empire of Brazil entered the war on the side of the Central Powers, threatening the supply lines between South Africa and the UK, forcing the entire Empire to seek a full armistice.
In the war's aftermath, Britain was still considered the major power in South Africa.
South Africa was a British Dominion during World War II. When the war began it aligned itself with the Allies, though elements of the white Afrikaner population favored NaziGermany. During the Race's invasion of Tosev 3 in 1942, South Africa was quickly conquered by the Race along with the rest of Africa. The nation's laws of racial segregation were nullified under the Race's rule, as the aliens found discrimination by skin color to be completely irrational. Consequently, most South Africans, particularly the black population, accepted the Race's overlordship with relative docility in comparison to many of the Lizards' other colonial subjects. South Africa was recognized as a Race colony after the Peace of Cairo in 1944.
Following the arrival of the Colonization Fleet in 1962, South Africa was heavily colonized by the Race, and many animals from Home were released into its rich ecosystems. By that point white-based resistance against the Race, though serious enough to merit headlines in the United States, had largely been crushed. Several of the locals engaged in ginger smuggling, as did some members of the Race's garrison, including Gorppet.