The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is the largest country of the Arabian Peninsula. An absolute monarchy, Saudi Arabia was founded by Abdul-Aziz bin Saud in 1932, although although the conquests which eventually led to the creation of the Kingdom began in 1902 when he captured Riyadh. The House of Saud has ruled ever since.
The Kingdom is sometimes called "The Land of The Two Holy Mosques" in reference to Mecca and Medina, the two holiest places in Islam. It is also home to the world's largest oil reserves.