Ruhollah Musavi Khomeini (24 September 1902 – 3 June 1989) (Farsi روح الله موسوی خمینی) was an Iranian religious leader and scholar, politician, and leader of the 1979 Iranian Revolution which overthrew Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. Following the revolution and a national referendum, Khomeini became the Supreme Leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran - a position created in the constitution as the head of the Iranian state - until his death.
When the Race invaded in 1942, the entire Middle East fell quickly, and was recognized as Race territory by the Peace of Cairo in 1944. Khomeini, who'd been living in Iraq (though he himself was from Iran), remained there, making his headquarters in Basra. He began a process of agitation that would disrupt the Race's rule. Khomeini declared that the Race had been created by Satan. When the Colonization Fleet arrived in 1962, Khomeini stepped up his agitation, calling upon his followers to rise up against the males of the Conquest Fleet. In one such event, the Race infantry harshly put down an uprising of disgruntled Muslims.
Khomeini's capture became a top priority to the leaders of the Race. His followers were able to hide him for some time, until a stroke of bad luck landed him in the hands of an infantrymale named Gorppet. By the orders of FleetlordAtvar (at the suggestion of his human advisor Moishe Russie), Khomeini was transferred to South America on the theory that Khomenini would have little influence on the Spanish-speaking, predominantly Catholic region.
Khomeini's followers remained rebellious even after his capture. Some even crossed the Atlantic in a failed attempt to break him out. Race forces, with the aid of local human constabulary, defeated the attempt.