The Roma (also Romany, Romanies, Romanis, Romani or Gypsies) are an ethnic group with origins in South Asia, probably India. The Romani are widely dispersed with their largest concentrated populations in Europe, but also in the Americas and, to a lesser extent, in North Africa and Asia.
They are more popularly known as Gypsies, based on the mistaken belief that they originated from Egypt.
Historically, Roma have lived on the fringes of society and were subject to persecution. Along with the Jews, they were among the prime targets of the 1940s Holocaust.
The Roma of Europe were systematically destroyed by the Greater German Reich in much the same manner as the Jews. By the 21st century, it was believed that the Roma were all dead. As secret Jews survived in the very heart of the Reich, some Roma may have also been hiding in plain sight.