Rhodes (Greek: Ρόδος, Ródos, [ˈroðos]) is the principal city and a former municipality on the island of Rhodes in the Dodecanese, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Rhodes, of which it is the seat and a municipal unit. It has a population of approximately 100,000. Rhodes has been famous since antiquity as the site of Colossus of Rhodes, which was named one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, despite existing in its intact form for only 54 years (280-226 BC).
The city of Rhodes was formed by the cities of Ialyssos, Kamiros and Lindos in 408 BC, and prospered for three centuries during its Golden Age, when sea trade, skilled shipbuilders, and open-minded politicians of the city kept it prosperous until the arrival of the Romans in 164 BC.
Rhodes in Hellenic TradersEdit
Rhodes had managed to avoid becoming completely entangled in the wars fought by Alexander's would-be successors. Nonetheless, in about 312 BC, Rhodes built ships for Antigonos during his war against Ptolemaios.