Raphael Semmes (1809–1877) was an officer in the U.S. Navy from 1826 to 1860 and the C.S. Navy starting in 1860. He served during the Mexican War, but his ship was lost during a storm in the Gulf of Mexico. During the American Civil War he was captain of the famous commerce raider CSS Alabama, taking several prizes.
After the Civil War, Semmes faced treason charges, but these were dismissed in 1866. He became a professor, a judge, a newspaper editor, and an attorney. He also became a staunch "Lost Cause" advocate.