Ptolemy I of Egypt
Historical Figure
Nationality: Egypt (born in Macedon)
Date of Birth: c. 367 BC
Date of Death: c. 283 BC
Cause of Death: Natural causes
Occupation: General, monarch
Spouse: Artakama (consort ?)
Thaïs (consort ?)
Eurydice (consort)
Berenice I of Egypt (consort)
Children: Ptolemy II of Egypt; Arsinoe II; Philotera; several others
Relatives: Ptolemy III of Egypt (grandson)
House: Ptolemaic
Turtledove Appearances:
Hellenic Traders
Set in OTL
Appearance(s): Over the Wine-Dark Sea
Owls to Athens
Type of Appearance: The Gryphon's Skull (Direct); Contemporary references (Remaining volumes)
Ptolemy I Soter I (Ancient Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Σωτήρ, Ptolemaĩos Sōtḗr, i.e. Ptolemy the Savior), also known as Ptolemy Lagides, c. 367 BC – c. 283 BC, was a Macedonian general under Alexander the Great, who became ruler of Egypt (323–283 BC) and founder of the Ptolemaic Kingdom and dynasty during the course of the War of the Diadochi. In 305/4 BC he demanded the title of pharaoh.

His mother was Arsinoe of Macedon, and, while his father is unknown, ancient sources variously describe him either as the son of Lagus, a Macedonian nobleman, or as an illegitimate son of Philip II of Macedon (which, if true, would have made Ptolemy the half-brother of Alexander), but it is possible that this is a later myth fabricated to glorify the Ptolemaic dynasty. Ptolemy was one of Alexander's most trusted generals, and was among the seven somatophylakes (bodyguards) attached to his person. He was a few years older than Alexander, and had been his intimate friend since childhood.

He was succeeded by his son Ptolemy II Philadelphus.

Literary commentEdit

Ptolemy I's primary role in Harry Turtledove's work is in the Hellenic Traders series, where he is called by the Greek spelling Ptolemaios.

Ptolemy I in Hellenic TradersEdit

In 312 BC, Ptolemaios was locked in a struggle with Antigonos. Antigonos commissioned the polis of Rhodes to build ships for his fleet. Two years later, Sostratos suggested that, as Rhodes had economic ties to Egypt, supplying Antigonos had been a bad idea. His cousin, Menedemos, retorted that Rhodes had no interest in getting on Antigonos' bad side.[1]


  1. Over the Wine-Dark Sea, Ch 1. e-book.
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Alexander IV
Pharaoh of Egypt
305-283 BC
Succeeded by
Ptolemy II

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