The office was not "created" or "established", but rather has evolved into existence over a period of three centuries, with various unwritten rules, customs, and laws hardening into the current office.
This article lists the known prime ministers found in the works of Harry Turtledove after the Point of Divergence. Many prime ministers who served before the POD of a given alternate history are mentioned in passing. Also stories set in OTL may reference past PMs, or even the sitting PM.
With Germany emerging victorious from the Second World War, the United Kingdom was annexed to the Greater German Reich, and the British Union of Fascists became the country's only legal party. In 2010, the BUF launched a push for reform within its borders that saw the selection of a Prime Minister by popular vote by party members.
|Winston Churchill||1940-41?||Conservative Party (UK)|
|Oswald Mosley||c. 1941-1980?||British Union of Fascists|
Note: Mosley is never explicitly called a PM, although evidence available suggests he either served in that role or in a similar one.
During the War of Secession, then-Prime Minister Lord Palmerston supported the seceding Confederate States, forging an alliance that would carry on into the next century and two wars. The United Kingdom was on the losing side of the Great War in 1917, which eventually begat a revanchist coalition of the Conservative Party led by Winston Churchill and the Silver Shirts led by Oswald Mosley in 1932. This coaltion led the country into war against Germany in 1941. While initially successful, the tide turned against the UK starting in 1943. Germany destroyed three major British cities with superbombs in 1944, prompting a non-confidence vote which toppled Churchill, and saw the rise of Horace Wilson.
|Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston||1859-1865(?)||Liberal Party|
|Winston Churchill||1932-1944||Conservative Party|
(senior partner in coalition with Silver Shirts)
|Horace Wilson (acting)||1944-19??||Unknown|
Several people are mentioned as serving as PMs in the past, although their terms and their party aren't always identified.
William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham PC Prime Minister during the 1760s. He helped ease the tensions between Britain and its North American colonies, insuring that the empire remained intact. He appears in the painting The Two Georges.
Frederick North, Lord North, Chancellor of the Exchequer and who succeeded Pitt as Prime Minister. He is in the painting, The Two Georges.
Margaret Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, the likely PM in 1995. She is not identified by name, but the fact that it is identified as a woman combined with the preponderance of historical contemporary figures in the work suggest the PM is indeed Thatcher.
Neville Chamberlain led Britain through the Second World War during its first phase against Germany and then after the "big switch" of mid-1940 which saw Britain align itself with Germany against the Soviet Union. Not long after, Chamberlain's failing health led him to step down and press for the appointment of his close adviser, Horace Wilson. Wilson's term in late 1940 and into 1941 saw increased scrutiny of the ministry's critics at home.
Wilson's increasing authoritarianism finally prompted a military coup in the spring of 1941. The interim government detained Wilson, ended the war with the USSR, and restarted the war with Germany. It also promised elections throughout the remainder of 1941, but reset the date each time. The year ended without elections and the military still in power.
|Neville Chamberlain||1937-1940||Conservative Party|
|Horace Wilson||1940-1941||Conservative Party|
|Interim Military Government||1941-194?||N/A|
Only two Prime Ministers are identified in the series:
Winston Churchill, PM throughout the Worldwar quartet.
Clement Attlee, 1st Earl Attlee is PM in The Man With the Iron Heart after defeating Churchill in 1945, as in OTL, although, thanks to the activities of the German Freedom Front, his term is dramatically different from OTL.