The office was not "created" or "established", but rather has evolved into existence over a period of three centuries, with various unwritten rules, customs, and laws hardening into the current office.
This article lists the known prime ministers found in the works of Harry Turtledove after the Point of Divergence. Many prime ministers who served before the POD of a given alternate history are mentioned in passing. Also stories set in OTL may reference past PMs, or even the sitting PM.
|Conservative Liberal Labour BUF|
With Germany emerging victorious from the Second World War, the United Kingdom was annexed to the Greater German Reich, and the British Union of Fascists became the country's only legal party. In 2010, the BUF launched a push for reform within its borders that saw the selection of a Prime Minister by popular vote by party members.
|Prime Minister||Term of Office||Political Party||Monarch|
|1941-1980(?)||British Union of Fascists||Unknown|
(c. 2009-Incumbent, 2011)
Incumbent at novel's end, 2011
While Mosley is never actually called a PM in the novel, he clearly served in a nearly identical position, and so is included here for convenience.
During the War of Secession, Prime Minister Lord Palmerston supported the seceding Confederate States, forging an alliance that would carry on into the next century and two wars. The United Kingdom was on the losing side of the Great War in 1917, and eventually begat a revanchist coalition of the Conservative Party led by Winston Churchill and the Silver Shirts led by Oswald Mosley in 1932. This coalition led the country into war against Germany in 1941. While initially successful, the tide turned against the UK starting in 1943. Germany destroyed three major British cities with superbombs in 1944, prompting a non-confidence vote which toppled Churchill. Horace Wilson became the acting PM, and pursued peace with Germany.
|Prime Minister||Term of Office||Political Party||Monarch|
(senior partner in coalition with Silver Shirts)
Horace Wilson (acting)
Incumbent at series' end, 1945
Several people are mentioned as serving as PMs in the past, although their terms and their party aren't always identified.
William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham PC, Prime Minister during the 1760s. He helped ease the tensions between Britain and its North American colonies, insuring that the British Empire remained intact. He appears in the painting The Two Georges.
Frederick North, Lord North, Chancellor of the Exchequer and who succeeded Pitt as Prime Minister. He is in the painting, The Two Georges.
Benjamin Disraeli, presumably a PM in the 19th Century, as one of the Provinces of the NAU is named in his honour. (This is not conclusive, as being a PM is not a requirement for province nomenclature.)
There is an unnamed incumbent female PM in 1995. A popular readers' consensus identifies her as Margaret Thatcher, but as no details about this character are given, this hypothesis is no longer endorsed by this website.
Neville Chamberlain led Britain through the Second World War during its first phase against Germany (October 1938 to Summer 1940) and then after the "big switch" of mid-1940 which saw Britain align itself with Germany against the Soviet Union. In late 1940, Chamberlain's failing health led him to step down and press for the appointment of his close adviser, Horace Wilson. Wilson's term saw increased scrutiny of the ministry's critics at home and a crackdown on protests.
Wilson's increasing authoritarianism finally prompted a military coup in the spring of 1941. The interim government detained Wilson, ended the war with the USSR, and restarted the war with Germany. It also promised elections throughout the remainder of 1941, but reset the date each time. Soon, it was 1943, and the military still held power. In the meantime, along with overseeing a war in North Africa and the reopening of the Western Front in Europe, the government reassigned several key members of the Wilson government to diplomatic positions in distant countries so as to keep them under control.
Even after the war in Europe ended in 1944, the military maintained control over the government.
|Prime Minister||Term of office||Political party||Monarch|
|Neville Chamberlain||1937-1940||Conservative Party|
|Horace Wilson||1940-1941||Conservative Party|
|Interim Military Government||1941-
Incumbent at series' end, 1944
Only two Prime Ministers are identified in the series:
Winston Churchill, PM throughout the Worldwar quartet.
Other Prime MinistersEdit
Former Prime Minister John Russell, 1st Earl Russell plays a background role in The Guns of the South and the prologue of Southern Victory: American Front as the incumbent Foreign Secretary. Whether he returned to the prime ministry in 1865 either timeline, as in OTL, is unknown.
In addition his roles listed above, Winston Churchill is the incumbent PM in "News From the Front", where he faces the same level of media criticism that President Franklin D. Roosevelt endures. In The Man With the Iron Heart, the end of Churchill's first prime ministry occurs early in the novel, and happens just as in OTL.
In the novel Joe Steele, the office follows the same line of succession as OTL during the period between 1937 and 1945, with Winston Churchill succeeding Neville Chamberlain in 1940, and in turn being succeeded by Clement Attlee in 1945. Whether Churchill returns to the office in 1951 as in OTL is undisclosed, as the novel's scope has left the United Kingdom before that time. Churchill directly appears in the novel, while Chamberlain and Attlee are only referenced. Churchill also appears in the short story, the only PM to do so.
Historical Prime Ministers in Non-PM RolesEdit
Several historical Prime Ministers have appeared in the works of Harry Turtledove in a capacity other than as Prime Minister.
William Petty-FitzMaurice, 2nd Earl of Shelburne is referenced in his OTL position of Secretary of State in The United States of Atlantis. It is unknown whether he became PM later in the Atlantis timeline.
William Gladstone is referenced in his OTL position of Chancellor of the Exchequer in The Guns of the South and The Great War: American Front. Whether or not he became PM in either timeline is unknown.
- Monarch of the United Kingdom, the head of state of the United Kingdom
- President of the United States, the office of the head of both state and government of the United States of America.
- Governor-General of the North American Union, de facto political leader of the North American Union in The Two Georges. While this office isn't defined very well, it appears to include aspects of both the US President and the UK Prime Minister, and probably functions as the head of government.