Horst Witzleben reported that because the demonstration was peaceful, it was not broken up, something which underscored how much had changed under the regime of Heinz Buckliger. In the past, peaceful or not, authorities would have broken it up, and the demonstrators would have face severe consequences.
Prague endured heavy airstrikes since the beginning of the 1938 war againstGermany. By October German Panzers had reached the outskirts of the city and the aerial bombs were mixed with droppings of leaflets claiming that if the city surrendered its buildings and civilian population would be spared of further attacks. Prague offered then its capitulation, though the Czechoslovak negotiators were adamant that it was for the city only and that a large part of their army had retreated to Brno to continue the war in the east.
During occupation, Prague's large Jewish community was the subject of constant harassment by Nazi forces.