The award was a blue-enameled Maltese Cross with eagles between the arms based on the symbol of the Johanniter Order, the Prussian royal cypher, and the French legend Pour le Mérite ("for Merit") arranged on the arms of the cross. "Blue Max" is named after World War I Luftstreitkräfte pilot Max Immelman.
Pour le Mérite in The War That Came EarlyEdit
The highest German military decoration in the previous war had the simple French name of Pour le Mérite, that is, For Merit. Therefore, Sarah Goldman was surprised when she first wore the yellow cloth "Star of David" that was mandatory for all Jews to be congratulated by an obvious veteran for her medal. When she asked what he meant, he pointed to the yellow star and said her "Pour le Sémite" punning on the award. After getting home, Sarah learned from her father that he had heard the same joke, making her think that not all Aryans accepted the anti-Semitic propaganda they heard.