Pope Pius XII (2 March 1876 - 9 October 1958), born Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli, reigned as the 260th pope, the head of the Roman Catholic Church and sovereign of Vatican City, from 2 March 1939 until his death. His actions during World War II have been the subject of controversy.
As his accession comes after the point of divergence, and new Popes often simply take the name of a popular predecessor, it is barely possible that this Pius XII is someone other than Eugenio Pacelli. He is included here for convenience.
Pope Pius XII was criticized for not condemning various human rights abuses around the globe in the early 20th century such as the Russianpogroms against the Jews and the Ottoman genocide against the Armenians as well as the ConfederatePopulation Reduction. Some critics believed he would have been more vocal if such an atrocity were committed against a group which had a Catholic majority. This criticism was questionable, since the population reduction was being carried out in strongly Catholic Haiti as well as the CSA.