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Pogrom

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A pogrom (Russian: погром, meaning "to destroy, harm, or demolish violently") is a form of violent riot, a mob attack, either approved or condoned by government or military authorities, directed against a particular group, whether ethnic, religious, or other, and characterized by killings and destruction of their homes and properties, businesses, and religious centres. The term usually carries connotation of spontaneous hatred within the majority population against certain (usually ethnic) minorities, which they see as dangerous and harming the interests of the majority.

The term was originally used to denote extensive violence against Jews in the Russian Empire. However, the term's application has broadened.

Pogrom in AtlantisEdit

The Russian government sponsored occasional massacres of Jews in the 19th century.[1] It attempted to justify this practice by spreading the false notion that the Jews practiced ritual murder.[2]

Literary commentEdit

This suggests that pogroms were common in Russia by 1852. In OTL, there were hardly any during that time period. This is probably a butterfly effect of this timeline.

Pogrom in "Shtetl Days"Edit

The Greater German Reich's Commissariat for the Strengthening of the German Populace oversaw staged pogroms in the tourist-attraction shtetls they built in the 21st Century, including at Wawolnice. The pogroms took weeks of careful preparation: rocks were thrown, certain buildings were allowed to burn, and convicts were allowed to be beaten to death while "praying" in Hebrew. The Commissariat advertised the pogrom weeks in advance to increase interest. However, the religious texts were preserved, and blank copies were burned in their place. When the pogrom was over, crews worked overnight to fix the damage and make sure the village was ready for the tourists the next day.

During one such staged pogrom, actor Veit Harlan was injured when he was hit in the ribs with a rock. This incident was one of the early steps in Harlan's journey to becoming an actual Jew.

Pogrom in Southern VictoryEdit

In Russia, particularly in the years before the Second Great War, Tsar Mikhail II allowed renewed pogroms against the Jews at the hands of the Black Hundreds to try and divert public attention from the problems plaguing Russia. There were some limited pogroms against Jews in the Kingdom of Poland, causing some Jews to move to Germany.

Some of the Jews living in Flora Blackford's Lower East Side constituency had come to the United States to escape the pogroms. Blackford used this to compare the situation of Eastern European Jews and that of those of blacks in the Confederate States.

ReferencesEdit

  1. Liberating Atlantis, p. 213
  2. See e.g.: Atlantis and Other Places, pg. 395, HC.

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