Philip Stubbes (1555-1597) was a Puritan living in England. Despite Spain's imposition of Catholicism on the country, Stubbes publicly maintained his faith. In 1597, he was brought before the English Inquisition on charges of heresy and was executed in an auto da fe on 1 November. He went to his death bravely, refusing to repent to the very last, even making a leg as a courtier would when the charges were read against him. His courage inspired onlooker William Shakespeare to consider writing a character who displayed similar qualities in the face of death.