Philip II in Ruled Britannia
Fueled by Catholic beliefs, Philip II (1527-1598) had already built up a considerable empire for Spain in his career. Naturally, many of his foreign subjects were resistant to Spanish rule. This was especially true in the Netherlands, where Spain found itself engaged in an ongoing war against an intractable Protestant and Dutch nationalist resistance.
In 1585, support for the rebels by English Queen Elizabeth gave Philip a long desired causus belli against England. In 1588, Philip assembled and dispatched the Spanish Armada, which defeated the English fleet, relieved a second Spanish fleet which had been hemmed in by a Dutch blockade, and landed a Spanish army on English soil (thus earning Philip a million gold ducats from the Vatican treasury, a sum promised to him by Pope Gregory XIII in exchange for overthrowing Elizabeth and paid by Gregory's successor, Pope Sixtus V). The Spanish army defeated its amateur English counterpart and deposed Elizabeth, imprisoning her in the Tower of London. Philip ordered that Elizabeth be kept alive, but made it clear that he did so out of mercy, that he would be justified in killing Elizabeth as vengeance for her own execution of the Catholic Mary Queen of Scots.
Philip installed his daughter, Isabella, and her husband and cousin, Albert, as Queen and King of England. He maintained a large Spanish military presence in England to support this Hapsburg dynasty throughout his life.
He died in 1598 and was succeeded by his son, Philip III. The English playwright William Shakespeare had been contracted to write an English language play called King Philip to glorify his life and achievements and inspire loyalty to the Spanish Empire on the part of its English subjects. However, Shakespeare instead performed the English nationalistic play Boudicca, which inspired his English audience to overthrow Isabella and Albert and expel Spanish forces from England.
|Regnal titles (OTL)|
Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor (Ruled Spain as Carlos I)
|King of Spain|
| Succeeded by|
|King of England (Ruled jointly with Mary I of England)|
| Succeeded by|