Persepolis (Old Persian: Pārśa, New Persian: تخت جمشيد Takht-e Jamshid or پارسه Pārseh), literally meaning "city of Persians", was the ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid Empire (ca. 550–330 BCE). Persepolis is situated 60 km northeast of city of Shiraz in Fars Province in Iran. The earliest remains of Persepolis date back to 515 BCE. It exemplifies the Achaemenid style of architecture. UNESCO declared the ruins of Persepolis a World Heritage Site in 1979.
When the Athenian general and newly established tyrant Alkibiades addressed a gathering of Hellasians (including Spartans, Thebesians, Corinthians, Thessalians, and Macedonians as well as Athenians) in Athens, he advocated war against the Persians and reminded them that they would not avenge the burning of Athens until they burned Persepolis.