Pearl Harbor was a United States naval base in Hawaii. It was attacked by Japanese forces in 1941. The American battleship fleet was destroyed in the attack, allowing the Japanese to land soldiers in Hawaii. These soldiers eventually overran all of Hawaii and held it for a year before it was retaken by US forces.
While US President Joe Steele was busy watching the war in Europe, the Japanese chose that moment to strike a devastating blow at Pearl Harbor, destroying the US Fleet. Steele later drew up a military tribunal to charge and convict Admiral Husband Kimmel and General Walter Short for the disaster.
Shortly after Pearl Harbor was attacked by the Empire of Japan, The New Yorker ran article that alledged that the American military had been woefully unprepared for the attack. The article provided in detail the missteps and failures that led up to the disaster on December 7.
Pearl Harbor was a British naval base in the Sandwich Islands captured by the United States Navy at the outset of the Great War in 1914. The U.S. Navy defended Pearl Harbor throughout the war and made it the headquarters of the Pacific Fleet as it fought the navies of Britain and Japan. At the end of the war, both nations were made to recognize Pearl Harbor, and all of the Sandwich Islands, as American territory.
Late in 1941, during the course of the Second Great War, the Japanese attempted to take Pearl Harbor. They sunk the USS Remembrance, the US Navy's only aircraft carrier in the Pacific. However, despite air superiority and other advantages attached to eliminating the enemy's carrier fleet, Japan failed to take the Sandwich Islands, and ultimately disengaged from conflict with the U.S. altogether.
Pearl Harbor was attacked by Japanese forces on Saturday, January 11, 1941, local time. The United States had warning of the attack as Japan had attacked American positions at the Philippines first. The naval losses at Pearl Harbor were compartively light: one aircraft carrier and one battleship.