The Panzerkampfwagen 38(t) was originally a Czech tank of pre-World War II design. After Czechoslovakia was taken over by Germany, it was adopted by the German Army, seeing service in the invasions of Poland and Russia. Production ended in 1942, when its armament was deemed inadequate. In all, over 1400 were manufactured. The chassis continued to be produced for Hetzer and Marder III tank destroyers, turretless assault guns, anti-tank guns and anti-aircraft guns.
When the Race arrived in mid 1942, the Panzer 38(t) was still being used in the German Army and was pressed into service against the Race because it was still a tank that could fight. As 1943 began, the 38(t) was phased out from the front lines.