The Consolidated PBY Catalina was an American flying boat of the 1930s and 1940s produced by Consolidated Aircraft. It was one of the most widely used multi-role aircraft of World War II. During World War II, PBYs were used in anti-submarine warfare, patrol bombing, convoy escorts, search and rescue missions (especially air-sea rescue), and cargo transport. The PBY was the most successful aircraft of its kind; no other flying boat was produced in greater numbers. The last active military PBYs were not retired from service until the 1980s.
PBY Catalina in Days of Infamy Edit
After the first attempt to retake the Hawaiian Islands failed, the US took a page from the Japanese book and started using the PBY for reconnaissance and convoy hunting around the islands. A daring night attack was launched against the Akagi using several aircraft but with little damage sustained to the carrier. However, nuisance raids continued once or twice a week for the duration of the Japanese occupation forcing the Imperial Japanese Navy to change the positions of their ships each day to minimize damage.
When the US returned to Hawaii in 1943, the PBY's were used in search and rescue roles for downed pilots.