The Republic of Turkey is a Eurasian country that stretches across the Anatolian peninsula in western Asia and Thrace in the Balkan region of southeastern Europe. Turkey's location at the crossroads of Europe and Asia makes it a country of significant geostrategic importance.
The present republic was formed in 1922-1923, after the Ottoman Empire was defeated during World War I. The Ottoman Empire (1299-1922) was a substantial force in Eastern Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East. It reached its height after it took Constantinople in 1453; the next two centuries were the empire's golden age.
Most Harry Turtledove stories are set in the "Ottoman" era, although even at the time, the names "Turkey" and "Ottoman Empire" were used interchangably. In some stories, the Ottoman Empire continues on for longer than it did in OTL. Both versions redirect here for convenience.
Turkey in Curious NotionsEdit
Turkey in Ruled Britannia Edit
Turkey was decisively defeated by Spanish forces at the Battle of Lepanto some years before Spanish King Philip II conquered England. English playwright William Shakespeare paid tribute to this battle in his history play about Philip, King Philip.
Turkey in The Two Georges Edit
The Ottoman Empire had begun to decline in the 18th Century, with Russia and Austria poised to conquer parts of its territory and the peoples of the Balkans increasingly restive and rebellious. However, the British Empire - reinvigerated after the succesful conclusion of its North American crisis - stepped in to gaurantee the integrity of Ottoman boundaries, which remained fixed as of the early 19th Century.
The Ottomans' domain included the Greeks, the Bulgarians, the Serbians and the Albanians. In return the Turks surrendered their independence and became a British protectorate, with a British resident in every province to "keep an eye" on the local Turkish governor and ensure a more humane treatment of the subjects. The British give special attention to Jerusalem due to its religious significance, the British resident there ensuring that Palestine remained a sleepy province and that nothing would disturb the rest of the world.
The British protectorate over the Ottoman Empire had the added benefit of blocking the only avenue Austria had for expansion, dooming it to remain a second-rate power.
Turkey in Southern Victory Edit
The Ottoman Empire aligned itself with the Central Powers and benefited from its allies' victory in the Great War. In 1917, Turkey was among the first governments to grant diplomatic recognition to the Republic of Quebec, the Republic of Ireland, and the Kingdom of Poland. The Ottomans were able to retain their Arab territories after the armistice of 1917.
Turkey began a program of genocide against Armenians within its territory after the war. This made Turkey the target of international outrage, including its wartime co-belligerent, the United States. However, German protests were more apathetic in nature and the US, weary from its costly wartime experience, backed down, allowing the genocide to continue.
During the Second Great War, Turkey joined the Central Powers once again.
Turkey in "The Bleeding Moon"Edit
Turkey in "The Emperor's Return"Edit
Turkey in "Les Mortes d'Arthur"Edit
Turkey in "Occupation Duty"Edit
The invading Turkish tribes from central Asia, which arrived in the area near the Inner Sea, were for a time a major disrupting force for the older peoples and civilizations of this region. Eventually they settled down in possesion of the ancient city of Babylon, where they took up the militant religion of Sword Buddha, built up a modern civilization and became the arch-foes of the Philistines.