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Nikita Khrushchev
Khrushchev
Historical Figure
Nationality: Russian citizen of the Soviet Union (born in the Russian Empire)
Date of Birth: 1894
Date of Death: 1971
Cause of Death: Heart attack
Religion: Atheist
Occupation: Soldier, Politician
Spouse: Yefrosinia; Marusia (separated); Nina
Children: Five
Military Branch: Red Army (World War II)
Political Party: Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Political Office(s): First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1953-1964)
Turtledove Appearances:
The Hot War
POD: November, 1950
Appearance(s): Armistice
Type of Appearance: Contemporary reference
Worldwar
POD: May 30, 1942
Appearance(s): Second Contact
Type of Appearance: Direct
Date of Death: Unknown
Military Branch: Red Army (WWII, Race Invasion of Tosev 3)
The War That Came Early
POD: July 20, 1936;
Relevant POD: September 29, 1938
Appearance(s): Hitler's War
Type of Appearance: Contemporary reference
"The Phantom Tolbukhin"
POD: c. 1937
Type of Appearance: Direct
Occupation: Partisan
Affiliations: Fourth Ukrainian Front
Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev (Никита Сергеевич Хрущёв) (15 April 1894 - 11 September 1971) led the Soviet Union during a crucial phase of the Cold War. A veteran of World War II, he served as First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1953 to 1964, following the death of Joseph Stalin, and Chairman of the Council of Ministers from 1958 to 1964. After briefly sharing power with Georgy Malenkov from 1953 to 1955, Khrushchev was able to outmaneuver and out Malenkov. During his rule, Khrushchev was responsible for the partial de-Stalinization of the Soviet Union, which he began on 25 February 1956, when he delivered the "Secret Speech", vilifying Stalin and ushering in a less repressive era in USSR. However, Khrushchev omitted mention of his own complicity in Stalin's brutality, and his own efforts at reform were not terribly effective. He survived a coup within the Party, when several hardline Stalinists attempted to oust him in 1957, but he became increasingly autocratic in his reign.

Khrushchev backed the progress of the world's early space program. It was during his reign that the USSR launched Sputnik. He was initially a relatively popular figure in the US, and a 1959 state visit helped to thaw relations between the Cold War antagonists. In 1960, however, he angered the West with an extreme outburst during a speech by the head of the Filipino delegation to the UN calling for an end to imperialism by the USSR as well as by Western countries.

His dubious efforts at domestic reform plus several crises between his country and the United States (including the Cuban Missile Crisis) helped to erode his colleagues' confidence in him. Khrushchev was removed from power in 1964 (the only Soviet leader to experience this), and replaced with Leonid Brezhnev. Khrushchev was allowed to live the remainder of his life in relative peace. He died in 1971.

Nikita Khrushchev in The Hot WarEdit

Nikita Khrushchev was one of several Soviet politicians who survived World War III and the death of Joseph Stalin in June 1952. During a conversation with President Harry Truman, George Kennan suggested that Khrushchev might be in the running to take power from Stalin's immediate successor, Lavrenty Beria. Kennan described Khrushchev as being an up-and-comer, and that he was nye kutlyurny, uncultured, a trait he played to keep himself alive during Stalin's reign. Truman had never heard of Khrushchev, but made sure to remember him from then on.[1]

Nikita Khrushchev in WorldwarEdit

Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev was General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, which equated to being more or less governor of that province.[2]

Khruschev resisted separatist guerrilla bands supported both by Germany and the Race. Germany supported these through its ally Romania, which allowed the Germans to disavow any involvement in the gun-running when the Soviet Union protested to them and the Romanians to claim they were at the mercy of their German ally when the Soviets protested to them.[3]

In 1963, Khrushchev was able to present his superior (and sometime political rival), General Secretary Vyacheslav Molotov of the Communist Party, with evidence that the Race was supporting the rebels. Molotov was hopeful that the Race, unlike Germany, would discontinue its support for the rebels on being confronted with this evidence.[4]

In 2031, members of the Race on Home recalled Khrushchev had once threatened that "we will bury you". In light of the development of Tosevite starships, the Race considered his threat very possible, generations after he made it.[5]

Literary commentEdit

Khrushchev appears on the cover of one edition of Down to Earth, although his actual role in the series is minor.

Nikita Khrushchev in The War That Came EarlyEdit

Nikita Khrushchev was the head of the Communist Party of the Ukraine at the outbreak of the Second World War. He'd survived Joseph Stalin's purges.

Ivan Kuchkov reminded Sergei Yaroslavsky of Khrushchev. Both seemed to be bullheaded and dim, and yet, if Khrushchev survived the purges, he had to have been quite clever beneath his exterior. Yaroslavsky suspected Kurchov capable of similar depths.[6]

Nikita Khrushchev in "The Phantom Tolbukhin"Edit

SoldierKhrushchev
Nikita Khrushchev was the political officer in Fedor Tolbukhin's "Fourth Ukrainian Front", a rag-tag guerrilla band of Soviet soldiers fighting a desperate guerrilla war against German occupation in 1947. Unlike most political officers, Khrushchev was quite willing to take up arms and go into battle, a trait Tolbukhin appreciated. With the Soviet government in disarray and Moscow occupied, Khrushchev's power as a political officer was less than he cared to admit.

Khrushchev accompanied Tolbukhin on a daring raid on the Ukrainian city of Zaporozhye, killing several German soldiers and destroying a munitions factory.[7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. Armistice, p. 105, HC; loc. 1793-1805, ebook.
  2. Second Contact, pg. 522.
  3. Ibid.
  4. Ibid., pg. 523.
  5. Homeward Bound, pg. 532, pb.
  6. Hitler's War, pg. 410.
  7. See, e.g., Counting Up, Counting Down, pgs. 105-118.
Political offices
(OTL)
Preceded by
Nikolai Bulganin
Chairman of the Council of Ministers (de facto head of government) of the Soviet Union
Council of People's Commissars until 1946

1958–1964
Succeeded by
Alexei Kosygin
Party political offices
(OTL)
Preceded by
Joseph Stalin
First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (de facto leader of the Soviet Union)
1953-1964
Succeeded by
Leonid Brezhnev

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