New Hampshire is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States. The state was named after the southern English county of Hampshire. It borders Massachusetts to the south, Vermont to the west across the Connecticut River, Maine and the Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Canadian province of Quebec to the north and northwest. New Hampshire ranks 44th in land area, 46th in total area of the 50 states, and 41st in population.
It became the first post-colonial sovereign nation in the Americas when it broke off from the Kingdom of Great Britain in January 1776, and was one of the original thirteen states that founded the United States of America six months later. On June 21, 1788, it became the ninth state to ratify the United States Constitution, bringing that document into effect. New Hampshire was the first U.S. state to have its own state constitution. Concord is the state capital and Manchester is the largest city in the state.
The 14th President, Franklin Pierce, was born in New Hampshire in 1804. Vice President Henry Wilson was also born in New Hampshire.