The New Deal was a series of domestic programs enacted in the United States between 1933 and 1938, and a few that came later. They included both laws passed by Congress as well as presidential executive orders during the first term (1933–37) of President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The programs were in response to the Great Depression, and focused on what historians refer to as the "3 Rs": Relief, Recovery, and Reform. That is Relief for the unemployed and poor; Recovery of the economy to normal levels; and Reform of the financial system to prevent a repeat depression. The overall name "New Deal" came from Roosevelt's speech when he accepted the Democratic Party nomination in 1932 in which he promised a "new deal for the American people."
In a large number of Harry Turtledove timelines, the point of divergence is either after the period between 1932 and 1938 (meaning the New Deal has usually already been enacted) or well before (meaning there is nothing called the "New Deal").
New Deal in Joe SteeleEdit
During his ill-fate pursuit of the Democratic nomination for the presidency, New York Governor Franklin D. Roosevelt proposed a program dubbed the New Deal, in an attempt to address the still dire Depression His primary rival, California Representative Joe Steele, offered the more comprehensive Four Year Plan.
During the Democratic convention, Roosevelt implied Steele's Four Year Plan was proof of Steele's authoritarian tendencies, and that as the child of immigrants, Steele didn't truly understand how America worked, reminding the press his New Deal was far more democratic. The debate was resolved when Roosevelt was burned alive at Executive Mansion in Albany. Roosevelt's wife, Eleanor, died with him, along with several others. With his primary opponent gone, Steele became the party's presidential nominee. and won the election.