Napoleon III of France
Historical Figure
Nationality: France
Date of Birth: 1808
Date of Death: 1873
Cause of Death: Sepsis
Religion: Catholicism
Occupation: Soldier, Politician, Inventor, Poet, Revolutionary, Author of Non-Fiction
Parents: Louis Bonaparte,
Hortense Beauharnais
Spouse: Eugénie de Montijo
Children: Louis Napoléon, Prince Imperial
Relatives: Napoleon I (uncle)
House: Bonaparte
Political Office(s): Prince of Holland (1808-1810),
President of France (1848-1852),
Emperor of the French (1852-1870),
Prince of Andorra (1848-1870)
Turtledove Appearances:
Southern Victory
POD: September 10, 1862
Appearance(s): How Few Remain;
American Front
Type of Appearance: Contemporary and posthumous references
Political Office(s): Emperor of the French
Napoleon III, born Charles Louis Napoléon Bonaparte (20 April 1808 – 9 January 1873) was the only President of the Second French Republic (1848-1852) and the only emperor of the Second French Empire. He ruled as Emperor of the French until September 1870, when he was captured in the Franco-Prussian War. He holds the unusual distinction of being both the first titular president and the last monarch of France.

He was the nephew of legendary French general and monarch Napoleon I.

Napoleon III in Southern VictoryEdit

Napoleon III installed Maximilian as Emperor of Mexico in the 1860s, a move opposed by the United States under the Monroe Doctrine.[1] His government was hostile to the United States, and in late 1862, during the War of Secession, despite opposition to slavery, Napoleon III extended diplomatic recognition to the Confederate States and supported British military protection over that country,[2][3] thus beginning an alliance between France and the CS that would continue through the Second Great War over eighty years later. This eventually turned out to have been a major strategic blunder for which France paid a heavy price, since it threw the United States into the arms of Imperial Germany[4] in a rival alliance which triumphed in both the Great War and the Second Great War.

Ultimately, Napoleon was forced to abdicate in 1870 during the disastrous Franco-Prussian War.[5]


  1. American Front, pg. 8.
  2. How Few Remain, pg. 33.
  3. American Front, pgs. 1-8.
  4. How Few Remain, pg. 571.
  5. Ibid, pg. 232.
Political offices
Preceded by
Louis-Eugène Cavaignac
President of the French Second Republic
Succeeded by
None, Second Empire Declared
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Himself as President of the Second Republic;
Louis-Philippe as King of France
Emperor of France
Succeeded by
None, monarchy abolished;
Louis Jules Trochu as interim head of state for the Third Republic
Regnal titles
(Southern Victory)
Preceded by
Himself as President;
as King of France
Emperor of France
Succeeded by
Next monarchical ruler is
King Charles XI