Muhammad Ali Jinnah (born Mahomedali Jinnahbhai; 25 December 1876 – 11 September 1948) was a lawyer, politician, and the founder of Pakistan. Jinnah served as leader of the All-India Muslim League from 1913 until Pakistan's independence on 14 August 1947, and as Pakistan's first Governor-General from independence until his death. He is revered in Pakistan as Quaid-i-Azam[b] (Great Leader) and Baba-i-Qaum[c] (Father of the Nation). Initially a proponent of Hindu-Muslim unity in India, by 1940, after a series of political conflicts which ended favoring the Hindus, Jinnah came to believe that, in the event of an independent India, Muslims should have their own country.
Upon independence and partition, Jinnah served as the first governor-general of Pakistan in 1947, an office he held until his death of tuberculosis the following year.
As the leader of the Muslims in British-India, Muhammad Ali Jinnah was quite vocal about securing India's independence from Britain. These demands intensified after the Second World War ended in Europe in 1944, but raged on in Asia.