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Minor Fictional Human Characters in the Worldwar Tetralogy

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This article is for minor human characters in the Worldwar tetralogy. For the list containing the non-human characters, see Minor Fictional Non-Human Characters in Worldwar

This article lists the various minor fictional human characters who appear in the Worldwar tetralogy, a subseries of the overall Worldwar franchise. These characters are identified by name, but play at best a peripheral role in the series. Most were simply mentioned or had a very brief, unimportant speaking role that did not impact the plot, and never appeared again.

AloysiusEdit

(In the Balance)

Aloysius was a human prisoner of the Race held in Fiat, Indiana. Jens Larssen encountered Aloysius among other people on his cross-country journey in 1942.[1]

Moisei ApfelbaumEdit

(Striking the Balance)

Moisei Apfelbaum was a colonel in the Soviet Red Army. He was a skinny, middle-aged man who wore steel-rimmed glasses. He was of Jewish descent. In 1944, he served as a clerk for Colonel Skriabin at a gulag outside Petrozvodsk.[2] It was here that he met prisoner David Nussboym, who agreed to act as a translator between the camp administrators and the Lizard prisoners.[3] However, Apfelbaum and Skribian used the threat of losing that position to convince Nussboym to denounce fellow prisoner Ivan Fyodorov.[4]

In an act of revenge, Nussboym later denounced Apfelbaum.[5]

ArchieEdit

(Upsetting the Balance)

Archie was an orderly at a military hospital in Chicago during the Battle of Chicago.[6] He tended to Mutt Daniels when Daniels was injured. Daniels suspected Archie was a homosexual, which made Daniels uncomfortable, but as Archie was an effective caretaker, Daniels kept his discomfort to himself.[7]

Michael ArenswaldEdit

(ItB)

Michael Arenswald (d. 1942) was part of the engineering detachment of the German Heavy Artillery Battalion Dora. He was part of an attack on a pair of the Race's ships which had landed on southern steppe of the Soviet Union, successfully destroying the 67th Emperor Sohrheb and the 56th Emperor Jossano. They were able to get off six shots in all before the Race bombed the train carrying them.[8]

AvramEdit

(StB)

Avram was a Jewish guerrilla during both Second World War and the Race Invasion of Tosev 3. He was part of Casimir's group near Hrubieszów, Poland. In 1944, he and a Pole named Wladeslaw escorted Soviet pilot Ludmila Gorbunova through Poland to a German position outside Warsaw so she might gain access to a plane.[9] While the way was arduous, they arrived at their destination unharmed.[10]

During the trip, which was by wagon and went through Race-occupied parts of Poland, Avram and Gorbunova discussed the precarious and fluid political situation in Poland, which was being jostled among the Race, the Soviet Union and Germany. Avram and Wladeslaw had a good laugh Gorbunova's naive dedication to Soviet ideology, and her belief that the Soviets had invaded in September 1939 for "altruistic" reasons.[11]

Klaus BauerEdit

(ItB)

Klaus Bauer (d. 1942?) was the hull gunner in Heinrich Jäger's tank. While he was able to escape the tank during a battle with the Race, Bauer went missing shortly after, and was presumed killed.[12]

BeckEdit

(StB)

Captain Beck was General Walter von Brockdorff-Ahlefeldt's adjutant. When Soviet pilot Ludmila Gorbunova arrived to present a request for aid from General Kurt Chill, Beck initially tried to take the message from her. Gorbunova, a soldier first and foremost, refused, insisting that Chill had ordered her to deliver the message directly to Brockdorff-Ahlefeldt. Beck escorted her to the general.[13]

After the general had reviewed Gorbunova's message, he had Beck bring Gorbunova some food and a piece of paper for a response to Chill's message.[14]

Douglas BellEdit

(ItB)

Douglas Bell was a bomb-aimer in George Bagnall's RAF bomber crew, and participated in World War II and the Race Invasion of Tosev 3. His missions, including an air raid on Cologne[15] and on a Lizard ship in France[16] made him very attractive to Sylvia, a barmaid at the White Horse Inn.[17]

Benjamin BerkowitzEdit

(UtB)

Benjamin "Ben" Berkowitz was a Jewish psychiatrist. He was a captain in the United States Army during the Race Invasion of Tosev 3, stationed at Hot Springs, Arkansas. He originally hailed from New York.[18]

Berkowitz explained to Sam Yeager the differences he'd observed between the Race and humans. Berkowitz believed that one of the basic principles of Freudian analysis, sexual selection, led humans to be innovators. Humans could mate more or less at will. The Race on the other hand, had periodic mating seasons. Their lack of sex drive, Berkowitz believed, was heavily related to their lack of innovation, evidenced in the invasion. Berkowitz also shared with Yeager of Straha's (who was self-exiled to the Americans) revelation of a Race probe that was sent to Earth in the 12th century, which led the Race to believe Earth would be much easier to conquer. (Upon learning this, Yeager stated with amusement that the Race had expected to be fighting "King Arthur and Richard the Lion-Hearted"). When Yeager questioned as to why the Race, who had expected to face medieval knights, would bring a large amount of military hardware, Berkowitz quoted Straha: "You do not go to war without enough tools to win. This is what we had thought".[19]

BeulahEdit

(UtB)

Beulah was Dr. Marjorie Henry's receptionist. Jens Larssen stopped in the doctor's office on his trip to Hanford, Washington. Because he was trying to get his gonorrhea treated, Larssen was initially nervous about dealing with a woman doctor. Dr. Henry had to pointedly shut her office door so Beulah wouldn't hear before Larssen would admit why he was there.[20]

Oskar BirkenfeldEdit

(StB)

Oskar Birkenfeld was a district leader with the Order Service in Lodz, Poland during the aborted Second World War and the subsequent Race Invasion of Tosev 3 in 1942. He was a chunky man with a black mustache that looked like a moth had landed on his lip. In 1944, Bunim, the Race's administrator in Lodz, ordered Birkenfeld to collect Mordechai Anielewicz for a meeting[21] on two separate occasions[22] Both times he seemed nervous that Anielewicz would refuse. The first time they met, Anielewicz used the extra centimeters of height he had on Birkenfeld to stare down on him.

BoleslawEdit

(StB)

Boleslaw was a soldier with the Polish Home Guard. In 1944, he and a Jewish partisan named Yitzkhak staged a fight that led to a staged riot in the streets of Lodz. The riot helped stop a convoy of Lizard lorries that were supposed to be delivering supplies to a Race attack on a German position outside the town. Mordechai Anielewicz and Bertha Fleishman watched the riot. Anielewicz thought both Boleslaw and Yitzkhak deserved Academy Awards for their performance.[23]

Martin BorckeEdit

(TtB, StB)

Martin Borcke was a Hauptmann with General Kurt Chill's forces at Pskov. He spoke English, and acted as translator for the RAF men who'd brought radar technology to the Soviet forces also located at Pskov. Borcke shared the tense round of negotiations with George Bagnall, and communicated to Chill Bagnall's proposal that the Germans copy the blueprints for the radar before they were sent to Moscow.[24]

Later, Borcke escorted Bagnall to a parlay with the Race's officers concerning a prisoner exchange.[25]

Nathan BrodskyEdit

(ItB)

Nathan Brodsky was a Jewish worker at the Warsaw airport after the Race first occupied Poland. He also learned much of the Race's language. In 1942, he informed Mordechai Anielewicz of the Race's plan to attack Ploesti, Romania in an effort to deprive Germany of oil. Anielewicz warned the proper German authorities.[26]

Dr. BurkettEdit

(ItB)

Dr. Burkett was a biology professor at the University of Chicago when the Race's Conquest Fleet invaded Earth in 1942. When American forces captured several Race prisoners of war, Dr. Burkett met with some of them, including Ullhass and Ristin, in his office to study their biology. Barbara Larssen briefly worked as his secretary, and in this capacity, she met her future husband, soldier Sam Yeager, who escorted the prisoners to and from Burkett's office.[27]

Burkett was dismayed when he learned that Enrico Fermi had custody of Race POWs the following day.[28]

Jack CalhounEdit

(UtB)

Jack[29] Calhoun was a cavalry officer with the United States Army during the Race Invasion of Tosev 3. He was under Rance Auerbach's command. In 1942, Calhoun participated on the attack on Race-held Lydia, Kansas. Calhoun and Max Hagerman were assigned to carry a Race POW to Lamar, Colorado.[30]

Casimir (Partisan)Edit

(StB)

Casimir was the leader of a band of anti-Lizard partisans in Hrubieszów, Poland. Soviet pilot Ludmila Gorbunova was briefly stranded with Casimir's group in 1944. Initially, Casimir was content to let Gorbunova fight alongside his group, but after she directly confronted him, even going so far as to brandish her pistol at him, Casimir arranged for her to be escorted to a German position near Warsaw where she might find another plane.[31]

ChaimEdit

(StB)

Chaim was a Jewish partisan near Lodz, Poland. He and another partisan named Saul took possession of the explosive-metal bomb Mordechai Anielewicz captured from Otto Skorzeny in 1944. They agreed to hide it somewhere as a trump card against their enemies.[32]

Otto ChaseEdit

(ItB)

Otto Chase was a cement worker from Dixon, Illinois. When his place of employment was destroyed by the Race's Conquest Fleet in 1942, he enlisted in the United States Army.[33] He saw combat against the Race with Sam Yeager and Mutt Daniels. Yeager convinced Chase of the value of treating captured members of the Race humanely as prisoners of war.[34]

Horace ChungEdit

(UtB)

Horace Chung ran a laundry, also called Chung's, in Lewiston, Idaho. Jens Larssen stopped in Chung's on his trip to Hanford, Washington in 1943. He left a load of laundry, and then mentioned that he was going to Mama's, an establishment next to Chung's, which Larssen assumed was a restaurant. This elicited a giggle from Chung, which Larssen didn't understand until he went next door, and learned Mama's was a brothel, not a restaurant.[35] When Larssen returned, Chung handed him his laundry, and then giggled at Larssen again.[36]

Colonel CollinsEdit

(ItB)

Collins was a United States Army colonel. He took custody of the Race prisoners of war captured by Sam Yeager and Mutt Daniels. He also accepted Yeager as a volunteer to help study the POWs, and gave promotions to all the soldiers in the unit.[37]

DaphneEdit

(ItB)

Daphne was a barmaid at the White Horse Inn, in Dover, England. Although both Jerome Jones and David Goldfarb persued Daphne and her fellow barmaid Sylvia, the two women preferred RAF pilots to radar operators, despite Jones and Goldfarb's best efforts.[38]

By 1943, Daphne no longer worked at the White Horse Inn. Rumour had it that she was pregnant with twins.[39] She was fondly remembered by George Bagnall's crew as they made their way home from Pskov.[40]

DavidEdit

(ItB)

David was the son of a Jewish fighter living in Warsaw, Poland. He and a young woman named Leah acted as decoys, standing in for Reuven and Rivka Russie, respectively, thus allowing the mother and her son to escape from the Race when Moishe Russie refused to broadcast propaganda for them.[41]

DocEdit

(UtB)

"Doc" was the nickname of a black doctor working as a U.S. Army medic in Illinois in 1943. He treated Mutt Daniels when Daniels was shot in the buttock. Daniels, a Mississippi native, was initially surprised that a colored doctor was tending him. However, he didn't refuse help from Doc, and both achieved cordiality throughout their brief encounter. Once the wound was cleaned, and Daniels was off the battlefield, Doc moved on to other patients.[42]

Colonel DoiEdit

(ItB)

Doi was a colonel in the Imperial Japanese Army. He interrogated Teerts about the Race's air-war tactics. He also assured Teerts that Japan's notions about the afterlife, of all of those on Earth, were the only correct ones.[43]

Hans DölgerEdit

(StB)

Colonel Hans Dölger was General Kurt Chill's adjutant in Pskov. He didn't appear to like Englishmen much, and he continued to view Russians as Untermenschen, unlike some of the other Germans in Pskov.[44]

Kevin DonlanEdit

(ItB, TtB)

Kevin Donlan was a young private in the United States Army.[45] He served with Mutt Daniels in Illinois in the fight against the Race's Conquest Fleet.[46] He participated in General George Patton's winter counter-offensive in 1942.[47]

During a battle in early 1943, Donlan lost his left foot to an explosion.[48]

Yakov DonskoiEdit

(StB)

Yakov Donskoi was Foreign Commissar Vycheslav Molotov's translator at the Peace of Cairo in 1944.[49]

DonnellyEdit

(StB)

Donnelly was part of a U.S. Army bomb disposal unit. He and his colleagues examined an unexploded shell dropped by the Race during the Battle of Chicago. He confirmed for his superior officer, as well as Mutt Daniels, who was also present, that the bomb was a dud.[50]

EdieEdit

(UtB)

Edie was a prostitute at Mama's in Lewiston, Idaho. Jens Larssen had a brief tryst with her while waiting for his clothes at the laundry next door. She had curly blond hair, and looked a little like his estranged wife, Barbara. She was quite blunt and professional during intercourse. Afterwards, she offered Larssen another round and even some alcohol, but he declined. Only when he was done did he realize that he hadn't worn a condom and had probably given Edie gonorrhea.[51]

Wolfgang EschenbachEdit

(UtB)

Wolfgang Eschenbach was the loader in Heinrich Jäger's tank for a brief period in mid-1943 in Alsace. He was a big blond farmboy who hardly spoke more than a dozen words. He participated in a drive against the Race near Rouffach.[52]

Sam FinkelsteinEdit

(ItB)

Dr. Sam Finkelstein treated the wounded Race prisoners of war captured by Sam Yeager. Colonel Collins took special note of the fact that Finkelstein was a Jew. Both Yeager and Finkelstein were briefly amused by the fact that they shared the same first name.[53]

FredEdit

(ItB)

Fred was a human prisoner of the Race held in Fiat, Indiana. Jens Larssen encountered Fred among other people on his cross-country journey in 1942.[54]

FriedrichEdit

(UtB)

Friedrich (d. 1943) was the name of a German soldier who joined a partisan band in Poland after the Race invaded Earth in 1942. Mordechai Anielewicz joined the group in 1943 using the false name "Shmuel", and helped plan an ambush against the Race not far from Lublin. The attack proved a success, earning him Friedrich's trust.[55]

Friedrich was quite arrogant, frequently reminding Anielewicz and a Polish partisan, Jerzy, that he'd hunted partisans in the past.[56]

Friedrich, Jerzy and Anielewicz were captured by a Race patrol[57] and taken to a POW camp in Piotrków.[58] They remained here until a German bombardment provided them enough cover for Friedrich and Anielewicz to escape for Lodz.[59]

While walking through Lodz, Friedrich was recognized by a Jew who identified himself as Pinchas Silberman. Silberman told Anielewicz that Friedrich had been part of platoon of police who'd rounded up the Jews in Lipno, marched them into the woods, and shot them. Silberman lost his entire family, and survived only by luck. Friedrich admitted it was probably true, arguing that he'd been under orders. When Anielewicz proposed that Friedrich be placed on trial, Friedrich struck him in the belly and ran briefly until Silberman yelled out "Nazi murderer!". Friedrich was stopped by armed Jews who shot him dead.[60]

FritzEdit

(StB)

Fritz was one of two ammunition haulers who provided Heinrich Jäger and his crew with armor-piercing aluminum discarding sabot just prior to a 1944 attack on Lodz.[61]

Stefan FuchsEdit

(ItB)

Stefan Fuchs (d. 1942) was the loader in Heinrich Jäger's tank at the outset of the Race Invasion of Tosev 3. He was trapped in the tank when it was hit during a battle with the Race, and was most likely burned alive.[62]

Ivan FyodorovEdit

(StB)

Ivan Fyodorov (d. 1944) was a Soviet citizen who'd been sent to the gulag at Petrozavodsk. He met David Nussboym on the train ride to the gulag, and was completely astounded by how Nussboym came to be in the Soviet Union.[63] The two became friendly for a time, being assigned to the same work gang.[64] Their connection ended when Nussboym became an interpreter for the Race POWs in the gulag.[65] Not much later, the camp commander, Colonel Skriabin, threatened Nussboym into falsely denouncing Fyodorov.[66]

GeorgeEdit

(UtB)

George was a farmer in Hanford, Washington. He went to Dr. Marjorie Henry after he cut his hand. His visit overlapped with Jens Larssen's. George hoped that Dr. Henry still had tetanus vaccine.[67]

GiordanoEdit

(StB)

Giordano was a soldier in Lt. Mutt Daniels' platoon in 1944. When a sergeant took Daniels on a tour of the remains of Chicago, he thoughtlessly described the North Side the bad part of town because that was where all the "dagos" lived until the Race had overrun the city. The sergeant further suggested that the Race had done something "decent" by driving the residents of the North Side out. Daniels, remembering Giordano was of Italian heritage, told the sergeant to stop talking about the "dagos."[68]

Saul GoldfarbEdit

(Itb)

Saul Goldfarb was David Goldfarb's father. Saul and his wife had fled Poland prior to World War II. He had urged his family to do the same in 1938, but no one else did.[69]

GrabowskiEdit

(StB)

Grabowski was a corporal in the United States Army during the Race Invasion of Tosev 3. He was stationed in Hot Springs, Arkansas in 1944. He played position of first baseman during a pick-up baseball game with a number of players, including Sam Yeager. He complimented Yeager on his playing.[70]

Gunther GrillparzerEdit

Solomon GruverEdit

GusEdit

Max HagermanEdit

(UtB)

Max Hagerman was a cavalry officer with the United States Army during the Race Invasion of Tosev 3. He was under Rance Auerbach's command. In 1942, Calhoun participated on the attack on Lizard-held Lydia, Kansas. Hagerman and Jack Calhoun were assigned to carry a Lizard POW to Lamar, Colorado.[71]

HanrahanEdit

HawkinsEdit

Henry (Worldwar)Edit

Marjorie HenryEdit

HexhamEdit

Chester HicksEdit

HiguchiEdit

Fred HippleEdit

Ho MaEdit

Maximilian HöckerEdit

(ItB)

Maximilian Höcker was a lieutenant colonel in the German army, stationed in Paris. He offered terms of release for British flyers George Bagnall and his crew when they were shot down over German territory. As both Germany and the U.K. were still officially at war at this point, Höcker offered a parole, including signed statements that they would not fly against Germany ever again. If they had refused, Höcker would have ordered them into prison camps.[72]

Leo HortonEdit

Hou YiEdit

HowardEdit

IgnacyEdit

IrmaEdit

Isaac (Worldwar)Edit

JacobsEdit

Jacques (Worldwar)Edit

Johann JägerEdit

JerzyEdit

(UtB)

Jerzy was the name of a Polish soldier who joined a partisan band in after the Race invaded Earth in 1942. He was the point man of the group. Mordechai Anielewicz joined the group in 1943 using the false name "Shmuel", and helped plan an ambush against the Race not far from Lublin.  The attack proved a success, earning him the group's trust.[73]

Friedrich, Jerzy and Anielewicz were captured by a Race patrol[74] and taken to a POW camp in Piotrków.[75] Jerzy was injured during their capture.[76] They remained there until a German bombardment provided them enough cover for Friedrich and Anielewicz to escape for Lodz.[77]

JimmyEdit

(UtB)

Jimmy was a medic in Illinois during the Race Invasion of Tosev 3. He worked with colored physician whom he called "Doc". Jimmy helped Doc treat the wound Mutt Daniels received to his buttock.[78]

JoachimEdit

(StB)

Joachim was one of two ammunition haulers who provided Heinrich Jäger and his crew with armor-piercing aluminum discarding sabot just prior to a 1944 attack on Lodz.[79]

JohannesEdit

Constantine JordanEdit

José (Worldwar)Edit

Max KaganEdit

(StB)

Max Kagan was a Jewish-American physicist sent to assist the Soviet Union’s struggling atomic bomb project in 1944.[80] Kagan aided Igor Kurchatov and the other Soviet scientists immeasurably, enabling the Soviet Union to join the ranks of humanity’s nuclear powers in time for the final peace settlement. However, Kagan was highly critical not only of the Soviet facility’s backwardness, but also of the menacing oversight from Stalin and the NKVD[81] and the use of political prisoners to extract plutonium.[82] Kurchatov enjoyed translating Kagan’s criticism to Vyacheslav Molotov, who privately wondered whether the sardonic physicist should have some difficulties in returning home.[83]

KapellmeisterEdit

KarolEdit

Feofan KarpovEdit

(ItB)

Feofan Karpov was a colonel in the Red Air Force. He informed Ludmila Gorbunova that she would transport Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov in her small plane to Germany for diplomatic talks during the war with the Race.[84]

Yevdokia KasherinaEdit

(ItB)

Yevdokia Kasherina was a pilot in the Red Air Force and a colleague of Ludmila Gorbunova. She informed Gorbunova about a letter that German soldier Heinrich Jäger had sent Gorbunova.[85]

Maurice KennanEdit

Jakub KipnisEdit

Sid KleinEdit

Roman KlopotowskiEdit

Zofia KlopotowskiEdit

Lieutenant Colonel KobayashiEdit

(Itb)

Kobayashi was a Japanese lieutenant colonel who interrogated Teerts about radar technology. Kobayashi wanted Teerts to build a radar for Japan. Teerts, a mere pilot, didn't know how to build a radar. Kobayashi believed Teerts, and then wondered why he should be kept alive. He and his superior Colonel Doi began an animated discussion as to what should be done with Teerts, which was interrupted by a Race bombing raid. After the raid, Doi's argument prevailed and Teerts was spared.[86]

KobeskiEdit

(ItB)

Kobeski played for the Madison Blues Triple-I league baseball team in 1942, just prior to the Race's invasion of Earth. Joe Sullivan, the pitcher for the Decatur Commodores, struck him out, much to Kobeski's disgust.[87]

KovacsEdit

(ItB)

Kovacs was the pitcher for the Madison Blues Triple-I league baseball team in 1942, just prior to the Race Invasion of Tosev 3.[88]

Viktor KraminovEdit

(ItB)

Viktor Kraminov was lieutenant colonel in the Soviet Red Army. He was assigned to escort Heinrich Jäger and Georg Schultz when they were sent to Moscow as part of a German team led by Otto Skorzeny. Kraminov and Boris Lidov proposed a joint Soviet-German operation to attack a Race convoy. The Soviets and the Germans were able to secure samples of plutonium during this attack, which benefitted their countries' respective explosive-metal bomb programs.[89]

KurowskiEdit

Edward LaneEdit

(ItB)

Edward "Ted" Lane was the radioman in George Bagnall's bomber crew in 1942.[90] He was part of several missions against the Race early in the war.[91]

Freddie LaplaceEdit

LeahEdit

(ItB)

Leah was a Jewish fighter living in Warsaw, Poland. She and a boy named David acted as decoys for Rivka and Reuven Russie, respectively, thus allowing the mother and her son to escape from the Race when Moishe Russie refused to broadcast propaganda for the Race. The religiously conservative Russie felt guilty for having to hold the hand of a woman that wasn't his wife.[92]

LejbEdit

(ItB)

Lejb was a Polish Jew in Hrubieszów. He allowed Heinrich Jäger to use his home when Jäger was smuggling plutonium back into Germany. He was present when Mordechai Anielewicz took part of the uranium from Jäger.

"Lejb" was probably an alias.[93]

LeonEdit

(TtB)

Leon was a Jewish freedom fighter in Lodz, Poland. He was David Goldfarb's initial contact when Goldfarb arrived in Lodz to help rescue his cousin, Moishe Russie in 1943.[94]

Boris LidovEdit

(ItB-StB)

Boris Lidov (d. 1944) was a lieutenant colonel in the Soviet NKVD. He and Viktor Kraminov proposed a joint Soviet-German attack on a Race convoy to Otto Skorzeny, Heinrich Jäger, and Georg Schultz.[95]

Skorzeny affectionately called Lidov an "old prune-faced bastard".[96]

Lidov continued his service throughout the war with the Race. He interrogated pilot Ludmila Gorbunova about her relationship with Jäger (which was only just then becoming intimate) and Schultz (who was part of her ground crew) in 1943.[97] Later that year, Lidov assigned Gorbunova and Schultz to provide relief to German-Soviet forces in Pskov.[98] In 1944, Lidov interrogated the mutinous Lizard named Ussmak.[99] During such an interrogation, Lidov tempted Ussmak with ginger. Lidov's translator, a male named Gazzim, saw an opportunity to attack Lidov. Ussmak joined him, keeping Lidov from reaching his gun while Gazzim sank his teeth into Lidov's throat, killing Lidov.[100] Gazzim was killed and Ussmak re-captured in short order.

LoEdit

(TtB)

Lo (d. 1943) was a member of the Chinese Communist Party. He was briefly interned in one of the Race's prison camps in China. Here he met fellow prisoner Bobby Fiore, a former baseball pitcher. After Fiore innocently showed Lo how to pitch better, Lo and other members of the CCP pressed Fiore into escaping the camp and attacking a Race outpost, with Fiore acting as a grenadier. Lo died during the attack, but it was otherwise a success.[101]

Logan (Worldwar)Edit

MaczekEdit

Bill MagruderEdit

MarchenkoEdit

MarieEdit

(ItB)

Marie was a prisoner of the Race in Fiat, Indiana. Jens Larssen encountered her and other prisoners on his cross-country trip in 1942. She had gray hair.[102]

Donald MatherEdit

Panagiotis MavrogordatoEdit

(UtB)

Panagiotis Mavrogordato was a Greek sailor and smuggler who captained the Naxos. He transported Moishe, Rivka, and Reuven Russie from Gibraltar to Palestine in his vessel. Moishe and Mavrogordato discovered that German was their only language in common. However, Reuven, who had played with the Greek Stephanopoulos twins in London, was able to follow Mavrogordato's off-color "sailor talk," much to his father's chagrin.[103] Mavrogordato witnessed the nuclear destruction of Rome, where he had intended to put to port and sell ginger to soldiers of the Race occupying the city.[104]

MaxEdit

(Itb)

Max was a Jewish fighter in Russia. He had survived the German massacre of Jews at Baba Yar. Max was one of the participants in the joint Soviet-German mission against the Race to obtain a sample of plutonium. Foul-mouthed and tough, Max revealed the truth about Baba Yar to a somewhat disbelieving Heinrich Jäger.[105]

MaxiEdit

MaxwellEdit

McBrideEdit

Karl MehlerEdit

Klaus MeineckeEdit

(TtB, UtB)

Sergeant Klaus Meinecke was a German panzer gunner.[106] When the Race invaded in mid-1942, Meinecke was serving in the Afrika Korps against the British. Withdrawn with the rest of the Korps, Meinecke was assigned to Colonel Heinrich Jäger's Panther in 1943 during the fighting in Alsace-Lorraine. Shortly before one attack, Meinecke joked that his regimental commander had the deutsche Blick ('German glance') due to Jäger's constant scanning for Race killercraft, then explained how first the British and then the Lizards had dominated the skies in North Africa.[107] During a subsequent diversionary attack when Otto Skorzeny was stealing a Lizard landcruiser, Meinecke managed a rare feat by destroying a Race infantry fighting vehicle with a well-placed round from his Panther's gun.[108]

MendelEdit

MieczyslawEdit

Anton MikahilovEdit

MoriEdit

(StB)

Major Mori was a Japanese soldier who'd managed to hold a sliver of territory in China near Peking, despite the arrival of the Race in 1942. He reluctantly worked alongside Nieh Ho-Ting's unit of the People's Liberation Army throughout 1944. Mori retained the same arrogance the Japanese had shown during their war against China prior to the invasion. Although allies by circumstances, Mori was unwilling to share his supplies and weapons with Nieh or anyone unless there was something in return.[109] After the Peace of Cairo, with Japan no longer at war with the Race, Mori refused to supply Nieh's group with further weapons. Nieh concluded that Mori and his pocket would need to be eliminated soon.[110]

Sergei MorozhinEdit

Herman MuldoonEdit

NakayamaEdit

NigelEdit

Morton NordenskoldEdit

NormaEdit

Major OkamotoEdit

(Itb-UtB)

Okamoto (d. 1943) was a major in the Japanese army.[111] On behalf of a variety of important Japanese military officials and scientists, he interrogated Teerts for information regarding the Race's warfare technology and tactics and especially on the building of explosive-metal bombs, acting as an interpreter and applying physical abuse when his superiors believed Teerts was not being forthcoming.[112] He also arranged for Teerts to become addicted to ginger.[113]

While transferring Teerts to the custody of the Japanese navy, Okamoto's vehicle was knocked over by a Race air-raid. Okamoto was injured and knocked unconscious when the car overturned, but Teerts remained conscious and unhurt.[114] He escaped and was finally rescued by the Race.[115]

Literary commentEdit

It is most probable that, if he survived his road injuries, Okamoto was killed in the nuclear bombing of Tokyo which happened swiftly afterwards.

Old SunEdit

(ItB)

Old Sun was a tailor in Liu Han's village during World War II. He informed Liu Han that a Japanese bombing raid had destroyed the home of the yamen, Tang Wen Lan, and almost certainly killed him. Old Sun sanguinely announced he would be putting on white to "mourn" the despised yamen. However, when the village apothecary announced that Japanese ground forces would be attacking the village, Old Sun refused to leave his plot.[116]

Louise OlsonEdit

Thorkil OlsonEdit

Red O’NeillEdit

Andy OsborneEdit

OscarEdit

(TtB, UtB)

Oscar (d 1944) was a soldier in the United States Army during the war against the Race's Conquest Fleet. He was attached to the atomic bomb project at the University of Denver and was assigned to guard Jens Larssen. His name was not in fact "Oscar", but Larssen called him that, and the soldier answered to it.[117] Ostensibly his duties were to protect Larssen, but in reality Oscar treated his charge like a prisoner at the orders of Colonel Hexham.[118] He earned Larssen's animosity when Larssen put his hands on his ex-wife, Barbara, and Oscar intervened.[119]

Oscar was briefly reassigned when Larssen traveled to Washington state,[120] but became Larssen's guard again upon the physicist's return.[121] However, Larssen finally reached a breaking point when, after being relieved of his duties by General Leslie Groves, he was accosted by Colonel Hexham, who believed Larssen was trying to malinger. The embittered Larssen killed both Oscar and Hexham by shooting them in the head.[122]

Yuri PalchinskyEdit

(StB - POV in one scene)

Yuri Andreyevich Palchinsky was the Soviet guard of a work gang who discovered Ussmak's corpse after tripping over it. He took Ussmak's body and disposed of it in a mass grave.[123]

Kliment PavlyuchenkoEdit

(ItB)

Kliment Pavlyuchenko was the headman of a collective farm in the Ukraine. In 1942, after the Race invaded Earth, Pavlyuchenko gave temporary shelter to Heinrich Jäger and Georg Schultz, who'd survived their first battle with the Race not long before, even managing to destroy a Race landcruiser. They were picked up by Soviet pilot Ludmila Gorbunova, who was anxious to know how they'd killed a landcruiser.[124]

Julian PearyEdit

Pete (Worldwar)Edit

Richard PetersonEdit

(StB)

Richard Peterson was a technician with the USA's atomic bomb project in Denver in 1944. Leslie Groves considered Peterson a "hopeless stick-in-the-mud". He was of the opinion that Groves' scheme for increasing plutonium production while containing radioactive waste would be incredibly difficult given the lack of personnel. Groves reminded Peterson that should any radioactive waste find its way into the South Platte River, the Race would most likely detect it, and conclude that Denver was the center of US atomic production and destroy the city. Groves ordered Peterson to train people to implement the containment, and then pointedly ignored Peterson until he left Groves' office.[125]

Marko PetrovicEdit

(TtB)

Marko Petrovic was a grizzled Croatian captain with scars on his face and a thick black beard.[126] He assisted Heinrich Jäger and Otto Skorzeny in their action against Drefsab and the Race in the town of Split.[127]

PinelliEdit

Yelena PopovaEdit

(ItB)

Yelena Popova was a major in the Red Air Force, and Ludmila Gorbunova's superior officer. She debriefed Gorbunova about her observations of the Race's positions early on in the Race Invasion of Tosev 3.[128]

PorlockEdit

RasmussenEdit

Ernst RieckeEdit

(ItB)

Captain Ernst Riecke (d. 1942) was Major Heinrich Jäger's second-in-command in the Sixteenth Panzer Division in 1942.[129] The division was serving on the Eastern Front[130] when the Race invaded Earth. While he survived one of the initial attacks the Race made on the Division[131], he was subsequently killed in a battle that effectively wiped out the entire division.[132]

Buck RisbergEdit

(ItB)

Buck Risberg was an American soldier during the Race Invasion of Tosev 3. He saw action with Mutt Daniels in the street fighting that took place around Aurora, Illinois.[133]

RitaEdit

RodneyEdit

(ItB)

Rodney was a human prisoner of the Race held in Fiat, Indiana. Jens Larssen encountered Rodney among other people on his cross-country journey in 1942.[134]

Stepan RudzutakEdit

(StB)

Stepan Rudzutak was one of the gang bosses in a Soviet gulag in Siberia during the Race Invasion of Tosev 3. His way of persuading the prisoners in his gang was to tell them that if their work quota wasn't met, then they wouldn't eat.

David Nussboym served in Rudzutak's gang in 1944.[135]

SalEdit

(ItB)

Sal was a human prisoner of the Race held in Fiat, Indiana. Jens Larssen encountered Sal among other people on his cross-country journey in 1942. Sal was a bleach-blonde.[136]

Charlie SandersEdit

(ItB)

Charlie Sanders was a black man in Naperville, Illinois. During a battle between the U.S. Army and the Race in 1942, Sanders brought food to U.S. soldiers, including Mutt Daniels and Kevin Donlan, braving Race artillery fire. Both Daniels and Donlan were complimentary of Sanders' bravery, but were casually racist in their interaction with Sanders. While angered, Sanders still gave them food and then moved on to the next fox hole.[137]

SaulEdit

(StB)

Saul was a Jewish partisan near Lodz, Poland. He and another partisan named Chaim took possession of the explosive-metal bomb Mordechai Anielewicz captured from Otto Skorzeny in 1944. They agreed to hide it somewhere as a trump card against their enemies.[138]

Emilia SawatskiEdit

Ewa SawatskiEdit

Jozef SawatskiEdit

Maria SawatskiEdit

Wladyslaw SawatskiEdit

Dieter SchmidtEdit

(ItB)

Dieter Schmidt (d. 1942) was the driver of Major Heinrich Jäger's panzer.[139] While he survived the first encounter the Sixteenth Panzer Division had with the Race in Ukraine[140], and was even able to escape when the panzer was destroyed in a subsequent battle,[141] Schmidt died not long after.[142]

Sergeant SchneiderEdit

(ItB)

Sergeant Schneider (d. 1942) was a soldier in the United States Army during the Race's invasion of Earth in 1942. He initially acted as a recruiter in Ashton, Illinois, assigning new volunteers Sam Yeager and Mutt Daniels to the units that could use them best.[143]

Schneider participated in the fierce fighting that took place in Illinois.[144] He was killed during an artillery barrage in Aurora, leaving Mutt Daniels the senior non-com.[145]

Gerald SebringEdit

(ItB)

Gerald Sebring (d. 1942?) was an American physicist from Berkeley, California. He worked with the Metallurgical Laboratory at the University of Chicago. He had intended to return to Berkeley in the summer of 1942 to conduct research and marry a colleague's secretary; his plans were preempted when the arrival of the Race's Conquest Fleet made travel all but impossible. Sebring instead volunteered to travel to Washington, DC to meet with government officials and remind them that defending Chicago long enough for the physicists to continue their research was all-important.[146] Unfortunately, no one in White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia, where the War Department had relocated after the destruction of Washington by one of the Race's explosive-metal bombs, had seen or heard from him. It was assumed the train on which he'd been traveling had been destroyed and he'd been killed.[147]

Hiram SharpEdit

Shmuel (Worldwar)Edit

SholomEdit

(StB)

Sholom was a Jewish partisan part of an anti-Lizard cell near Hrubieszów. In 1944, he acted as a translator between fellow partisan Witold and Soviet pilot Ludmila Gorbunova. When Witold claimed he could fix Gorbunova's plane, he quickly demonstrated he didn't have any knowledge, a fact Sholom confirmed for Gorbunova. When Witold seemed to threaten Sholom, Sholom reminded him that Jews were not so helpless anymore. Witold retreated.[148]

When Gorbonova suggested Witold might now sell the group out the Race, Sholom assured her that the threat of death would keep Witold in line. He needled her about the fact that this was much the situation in the USSR, and expressed utter contempt for the governments of Poland and Germany. When she wondered why he was with the partisans, then, and not with the Race, he acknowledged that the Race was the worst option for humanity.[149]

Nikifor SholudenkoEdit

ShuraEdit

Pinchas SilbermanEdit

Joe SimpkinEdit

(ItB)

Joe Simpkin was the tail gunner in George Bagnall's bomber crew. He was among the survivors when their bomber was shot down by a Lizard killercraft near Paris.[150]

SkriabinEdit

Smithers (Worldwar)Edit

Hayward SmithsonEdit

Smitty (Worldwar)Edit

Tadeusz SobieskiEdit

Michael SpiegelEdit

(ItB)

Michael Spiegel was a lieutenant colonel in the German army. He commanded the garrison in Satu Mare, Romania which, by 1943, was the northernmost town Germany still controlled after the Race's Conquest Fleet had advanced into the country in 1942.

Mordechai Anielewicz notified Spiegel that the Race intended to attack the Romanian town of Ploesti in an effort to cut off Germany's oil supply. The Germans were able to thwart the attack.

Spiegel had a pretty good idea of Anielewicz's ethnicity. He interrupted himself when he was going to sign off their phone call with "Heil Hitler."[151]

Ssu Shun-Ch’inEdit

Fred StangegateEdit

Roger StansfieldEdit

(ItB)

Commander Roger Stansfield was an officer in the Royal Navy. He was the CO of the submarine HMS Sea Nymph. In 1942, the Sea Nymph carried a sample of plutonium to Boston, and delivered it to American general Leslie Groves[152] The two men socialized briefly before Groves took the sample and headed for Denver.[153]

StefaniaEdit

Joe SullivanEdit

(ItB)

Joe Sullivan (b. 1925) was the pitcher for the Decatur Commodores when the Race attacked the United States.[154] Sullivan was 17-years-old at the beginning of the invasion, and showed tremendous talent. Unfortunately, he dislocated his shoulder when a Race helicopter attacked the train the team was on.[155]

Joshua SummerEdit

Wendell SummersEdit

(UtB)

Wendell Summers was a resident of Lakin, Kansas when the Race invaded in 1942. He and his daughter, Penny were able to join a U.S. Army cavalry unit under the command of Rance Auerbach and escape Lakin in 1943. Wendell did not get far before he was killed by a Killercraft's strafing run. [156]

SuzieEdit

SylviaEdit

(ItB, StB)

Sylvia was a barmaid at the White Horse Inn, in Dover, England.[157] Although both Jerome Jones and David Goldfarb pursued Sylvia and her fellow barmaid Daphne, the two women preferred RAF pilots to radar operators.[158] Sylvia had a long relationship with Douglas Bell when the Race Invasion of Tosev 3 began.[159] Goldfarb was able to date Sylvia briefly, but she turned her attention elsewhere.[160]

Sylvia continued to work at the White Horse Inn through the war and after the Peace of Cairo.[161]

Stan SzymanskiEdit

Tadeusz (Worldwar)Edit

Tang Wen LanEdit

TerenceEdit

Pete ThomsenEdit

(ItB)

Pete Thomsen was a reporter for the Rockford Courier-Journal when the Race's Conquest Fleet invaded Earth in 1942. He enlisted immediately, sharing a few words with Sam Yeager while waiting in line for inspection.[162]

TolyaEdit

TompkinsEdit

Charlie TompkinsEdit

(ItB)

Charlie Tompkins was a mechanic in Strasburg, Ohio. On his trip back to Chicago, Jens Larssen's car broke down a mile outside of Strasburg. Larssen was direct to Thompkins, who took a look at Larssen's car. He determined that the car had a cracked block, and he couldn't repair the car. Desperate, Larssen offered to trade the car for a bicycle he spied in the garage. Initially, Tompkins refused, pointing out that he'd have the car whether or not he gave Larssen the bike. When Larssen threatened to set fire to the car, both mean realized how ugly they were getting, and Tompkins relented.[163]

TsuyeEdit

Judah UssishkinEdit

Sarah UssishkinEdit

Jacob van AlenEdit

Hank VernonEdit

(TtB)

Hank Vernon was the ship's engineer aboard the Duluth Queen, a ship Jens Larssen rode into Minnesota on his cross-country trek to Denver in 1943.

Vernon and Larssen passed some time listening to Edward R. Murrow on the radio. While Larssen wanted to hear the news stories, Vernon insisted on commenting, often drowning out the radio.[164]

Victor (Worldwar)Edit

VirgilEdit

(Itb)

Virgil (d. 1942) was a sailor aboard the merchant ship Caledonia. He was tasked with escorting Sam Yeager, Barbara Larssen, Ullhass and Ristin to a cabin. Before he could show them the way, a Lizard killercraft attacked the Caledonia, strafing the deck. Virgil's head and shoulder were blown to bits during the attack.[165]

Eddie WagnerEdit

(ItB)

Eddie Wagner was a private attached to General George Patton's army in Indiana in 1942. He detained Jens Larssen, and then escorted him to Patton's headquarters.[166]

Rolf WhitmanEdit

Alf WhyteEdit

(ItB, TtB)

Alf Whyte (d. 1943) was a British navigator during the aborted World War II and the Race Invasion of Tosev 3.[167] He was part of George Bagnall's crew from 1942 until 1943. He survived the downing of their bomber in France in 1942; his crew made their way back to the U.K. successfully after being given parole by German Lt. Colonel Maximilian Höcker.[168]

The next year, Whyte and the rest of the crew traveled to the Soviet Union to provide radar technology to the soldiers at Pskov.[169] The whole crew wound up staying to help maintain the peace between the Soviet and German partisans that had united out of necessity.[170] Whyte was killed during a battle not far from Pskov.[171]

Ralph WiggsEdit

WitoldEdit

(StB)

Witold was a Polish blacksmith who volunteered to help fix Ludmila Gorbunova's plane after she crash-landed in Hrubieszów to help local partisans.

However, he had no experience or knowledge in fixing the engine of a plane. In fact, he was only trying to impress Ludmila, a fact she quickly realized when he had no idea what a crankshaft was.

When Sholom, Witold's Jewish translator, pointed out as such, Witold said something profane to him. Sholom immediately whipped out his weapon and reminded Witold that the Jews weren't as weak as before and could pay back slights.  Witold angrily withdrew.[172]

WladeslawEdit

(StB)

Wladeslaw was a Polish guerrilla during both the aborted Second World War and the Race Invasion of Tosev 3. He was part of Casmir's group near Hrubieszów, Poland. In 1944, he and a Jew named Avram escorted Soviet pilot Ludmila Gorbunova through Poland to a German position outside Warsaw so she might gain access to a plane.[173] While the way was arduous, they arrived at their destination unharmed.[174]

During the trip, which was by wagon and went through Race-occupied parts of Poland, Avram and Gorbunova discussed the precarious and fluid political situation in Poland, which was being jostled among the Race, the Soviet Union and Germany. Avram and Wladeslaw had a good laugh Gorbunova's naive dedication to Soviet ideology, and her belief that the Soviets had invaded in September 1939 for "altruistic" reasons.[175]

Louise YeagerEdit

(ItB)

Louise Yeager was married to Sam Yeager between the wars. Unable to cope with his semi-nomadic lifestyle as a baseball player in the minor leagues, she divorced him some time before World War II.[176]

YettaEdit

YitzkhakEdit

(StB)

Yitzkak was an elderly Jewish partisan. In 1944, he and a Polish partisan named Boleslaw staged a fight which in turn led to a staged riot in the streets of Lodz. The riot helped stop a convoy of Lizard lorries that were supposed to be delivering supplies to a Race attack on a German position outside the town. Mordechai Anielewicz and Bertha Fleishman watched the riot. Anielewicz thought both Boleslaw and Yitzkhak deserved Academy Awards for their performances.[177]

Hank YorkEdit

YosselEdit

(ItB)

Yossel was a Jewish fighter in Poland. He intercepted Heinrich Jäger when Jäger was returning to Germany with a sample of plutonium. Yossel wanted to kill Jäger, but he was under orders to bring Jäger to Mordechai Anielewicz.[178]

Leon ZelkowitzEdit

(StB)

Leon Zelkowitz was part of Mordechai Anielewicz's band in Lodz in 1944. He informed Anielewicz that Oskar Birkenfeld, an Order Service district leader, wanted to speak to him.[179]

ReferencesEdit

  1. In the Balance, pg. 425-428, PB.
  2. Striking the Balance, pg. 393.
  3. Ibid., pg. 394.
  4. Ibid., pg. 394-395.
  5. Ibid. pg. 471-472.
  6. Upsetting the Balance, pg. 152.
  7. Ibid., pg. 153.
  8. In the Balance, pgs. 83-88.
  9. Striking the Balance, pgs. 179-182, pb.
  10. Ibid., pg. 241.
  11. Ibid., pg. 181.
  12. In the Balance, pg. 60.
  13. Striking the Balance, pg. 42-43.
  14. Ibid., pg. 44.
  15. In the Balance, pg. 14, PB.
  16. Ibid., pg. 73.
  17. Ibid., pgs. 184-186.
  18. Upsetting the Balance, pg. 83.
  19. Ibid., pgs. 168-171.
  20. Upsetting the Balance, pg. 242-243.
  21. Striking the Balance, pgs. 301-302.
  22. Ibid., pg. 316.
  23. Striking the Balance, pg. 86-87.
  24. Tilting the Balance, pg. 77-83.
  25. Striking the Balance, pg. 62-63.
  26. In the Balance, pgs. 477-478.
  27. In the Balance, pgs. 228-230, pb.
  28. Ibid., pg. 232.
  29. Inconsistency: the character is listed as "Jake" Calhoun in the Dramatis Personae at the beginning of the book. In the actual text, he is called "Jack".
  30. Upsetting the Balance, pg. 203.
  31. Striking the Balance, pgs. 178-179.
  32. Striking the Balance, pgs. 432-433.
  33. In the Balance, pg. 66.
  34. Ibid., pgs. 154-159.
  35. Upsetting the Balance, pgs. 134-135.
  36. Ibid., pg. 136.
  37. In the Balance, pgs. 156-160, PB.
  38. Ibid., pgs. 181-185, generally.
  39. Upsetting the Balance, pg. 409, PB.
  40. Striking the Balance, pg. 392.
  41. In the Balance, pgs. 340-341.
  42. Upsetting the Balance, pgs. 150-151.
  43. In the Balance, pgs. 303-306.
  44. Striking the Balance, pgs. 212-213.
  45. In the Balance, pg. 439.
  46. Ibid., pgs. 439-441.
  47. Ibid., pgs. 483-484.
  48. Tilting the Balance, pgs. 246-248.
  49. Striking the Balance, pgs. 373-376.
  50. Upsetting the Balance, pgs. 221-222.
  51. Upsetting the Balance, pg. 135-36.
  52. Upsetting the Balance, pgs. 23-27.
  53. In the Balance, pgs. 158-160.
  54. In the Balance, pg. 425-428, PB.
  55. Upsetting the Balance, pgs. 45-49.
  56. Ibid., pg. 116.
  57. Ibid., pg. 118.
  58. Ibid., pg. 191.
  59. Ibid., pg. 196-197.
  60. Ibid., pgs. 267-272.
  61. Striking the Balance, pgs. 76-77.
  62. In the Balance, pgs. 57-59.
  63. Striking the Balance, pgs. 35-37.
  64. Ibid., pg. 130-131.
  65. Ibid., pg. 283.
  66. Ibid., pg. 394-395.
  67. Upsetting the Balance, pg. 245, mmp.
  68. Striking the Balance, pg. 24, mmp.
  69. In the Balance, pg. 22, PB.
  70. Striking the Balance, pg. 385, mmp.
  71. Upsetting the Balance, pg. 203.
  72. In the Balance, pgs. 107-108.
  73. Upsetting the Balance, pgs. 45-49.
  74. Ibid., pg. 118.
  75. Ibid., pg. 191.
  76. Ibid., pg. 118.
  77. Ibid., pg. 196-197.
  78. Upsetting the Balance, pgs. 150-151.
  79. Striking the Balance, pgs. 76-77.
  80. Striking the Balance, pg. 161 pb.
  81. Ibid., pg. 163.
  82. Ibid., pg. 303-304.
  83. Ibid., pg. 163-164.
  84. In the Balance, pg. 409-10.
  85. In the Balance, pgs. 241-242, PB.
  86. In the Balance, pgs. 304-306.
  87. In the Balance, pg. 5-6, PB.
  88. In the Balance, pg. 6.
  89. In the Balance, pgs. 201-205.
  90. In the Balance, pg. 3, PB.
  91. Ibid., pg. 266.
  92. In the Balance, pgs. 340-341.
  93. In the Balance, pg. 375, PB.
  94. Tilting the Balance, pg. 372-376.
  95. In the Balance, pg. 202-205
  96. Ibid., pg. 202.
  97. Tilting the Balance, pgs. 37-39
  98. Upsetting the Balance, pgs. 138-143.
  99. Striking the Balance, pgs. 101-105.
  100. Ibid., pgs. 188-191.
  101. Tilting the Balance, pgs. 279-86.
  102. In the Balance, pgs. 325-328.
  103. Upsetting the Balance, pgs. 509-511, mmp.
  104. Ibid., pgs. 519-521.
  105. In the Balance, pgs. 272-283.
  106. Tilting the Balance, pgs. 33-34.
  107. Ibid., pgs. 198-206.
  108. Ibid., pgs. 312-313.
  109. Striking the Balance], pgs.82-84.
  110. Ibid., pg. 400-402.
  111. In the Balance, pgs. 301-308.
  112. See, e.g., Tilting the Balance, pgs. 149-153.
  113. Ibid., pg. 274.
  114. Upsetting the Balance, pgs. 78-79.
  115. Ibid. 95-98.
  116. In the Balance, pgs. 19-20, PB.
  117. Tilting the Balance, pg. 86-87.
  118. Ibid.
  119. Ibid., pgs. 346-348.
  120. Upsetting the Balance, pg. 18, PB.
  121. Ibid., pg. 367.
  122. Ibid., pgs. 454-456.
  123. Striking the Balance, pg. 457, pb.
  124. In the Balance, pgs. 138-142.
  125. Striking the Balance, pg. 46-47.
  126. Tilting the Balance, pgs. 488-490.
  127. Ibid., pgs. 572-590.
  128. In the Balance, pg. 51-52.
  129. In the Balance, pg. 11.
  130. Ibid., pgs. 12-13.
  131. Ibid., pgs. 35-38.
  132. Ibid, pgs. 56-57.
  133. In the Balance, pg. 349.
  134. In the Balance, pgs. 325-328, PB.
  135. Striking the Balance, pgs. 132-134.
  136. In the Balance, pg. 325-328.
  137. In the Balance, pgs. 439-440.
  138. Striking the Balance, pgs. 432-433.
  139. In the Balance, pg. 36-37.
  140. Ibid, pgs. 36-37.
  141. Ibid., pg. 60.
  142. Ibid, pg. 132.
  143. In the Balance, pgs. 65-67.
  144. See, e.g. Ibid., pgs. 151-157.
  145. Ibid., pg. 347.
  146. In the Balance, pgs. 94-96, PB.
  147. Ibid., pg. 161.
  148. Striking the Balance, pgs. 95-97.
  149. Ibid., pg. 97.
  150. In the Balance, pg. 102.
  151. In the Balance, pg. 479, PB.
  152. In the Balance, pg. 455-456.
  153. Ibid., pgs. 457-458.
  154. In the Balance, pgs. 5-6, PB.
  155. Ibid., pgs. 42-43.
  156. Upsetting the Balance, pgs. 34-35.
  157. In the Balance, pg. 69, PB
  158. Ibid., pgs. 70-71, generally.
  159. Ibid., pgs. 182-186.
  160. Ibid., pgs. 366-368.
  161. Striking the Balance, pg. 436, PB.
  162. In the Balance, pg. 66, PB.
  163. In the Balance, pgs. 234-239.
  164. Tilting the Balance, pgs. 21-22.
  165. In the Balance, pgs. 390-392.
  166. In the Balance, pg. 401, PB.
  167. In the Balance, pg. 15.
  168. Ibid., pgs. 103-108.
  169. Tilting the Balance, pgs. 74-76.
  170. Ibid. pg. 83-84.
  171. Ibid. pg. 165.
  172. Striking the Balance, pgs. 95-97.
  173. Striking the Balance, pgs. 179-182, pb.
  174. Ibid., pg. 241.
  175. Ibid., pg. 181.
  176. In the Balance, pg. 66, PB.
  177. Striking the Balance, pg. 86-87.
  178. In the Balance, pgs. 372-376.
  179. Striking the Balance, pg. 301.

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