Maxime Weygand (1867-1965) was a career officer in the French Army from 1887 through 1935. He came out of retirement when World War II began in 1939; his principal contribution to that conflict was as the second and final Allied field commander during the disastrous Battle of France in May and June of 1940. After his army was defeated in the field, Weygand sought an armistice agreement with Germany. When Germany occupied France, he collaborated with the Vichy regime. He retired from the French Army for a second and final time in 1942. He was arrested for treason when the French government reasserted itself in 1944, but was cleared of all charges in 1948. He lived out the remainder of his life in Paris and died in 1965.