Mátyás Rákosi (9 March 1892 – 5 February 1971) was a Hungariancommunist politician. He was born Mátyás Rosenfeld in Ada (in present-day Serbia). He was the leader of Hungary's Communist Party from 1945 to 1956 — first as General Secretary of the Hungarian Communist Party (1945–1948) and later holding the same post with the Hungarian Working People's Party (1948–1956). As such, from 1949 to 1956, he was the de facto ruler of Communist Hungary. His rule was aligned with Soviet politics during Joseph Stalin's rule. He was removed from power in 1956 under pressure from Stalin's successor, Nikita Khrushchev.
During a battle in May 1951, while Jewish-Hungarian soldier Istvan Szolovits reflected on his own lack of faith, he remembered that Rakosi was himself raised Jewish, although Rakosi no longer practiced his faith, in accordance with communist doctrine. Szolovits had no doubts that Rakosi would pursue his fellow Jews if the Soviets commanded it.