Martha Ellis Gellhorn (November 8, 1908 – February 15, 1998) was an American novelist, travel writer, and journalist, considered by the LondonDaily Telegraph, among others, to be one of the greatest war correspondents of the 20th century. She reported on virtually every major world conflict that took place during her 60-year career. Gellhorn was also the third wife of American novelist Ernest Hemingway, from 1940 to 1945, a marriage marked by resentment and conflict. At the age of 89, ill and almost completely blind, she committed suicide. The Martha Gellhorn Prize for Journalism is named after her.
Gellhorn taunted him for his immaturity the entire time he conducted his searches. When he returned from his triumphant tour of the United States, she confronted him again. After sharply worded barbs, Gellhorn announced that their marriage was over and that she was leaving.