His influence on the Latin language was so immense that the subsequent history of prose, not only in Latin but in European languages up to the 19th century, was said to be either a reaction against or a return to his style.
During Cicero's consulship the second Catilinarian conspiracy attempted to overthrow the government, and Cicero suppressed the revolt by executing five conspirators without due process. During the dictatorship of Gaius Julius Caesar, Cicero championed a return to the traditional republican government. Following Caesar's death, Cicero became an enemy of Mark Antony in the ensuing power struggle, attacking him in a series of speeches. He was proscripted as an enemy of the state by the Second Triumvirate and consequently executed by soldiers operating on their behalf. His severed hands and head were then, as a final revenge of Mark Antony, displayed in the Forum of Rome.
Cicero in "The Maltese Elephant"Edit
| Political offices|
Lucius Julius Caesar and Gaius Marcius Figulus
|Consul of the Roman Republic|
with Gaius Antonius Hybrida
| Succeeded by|
Decimus Junius Silanus and Lucius Licinius Murena