Marcel Duchamp (28 July 1887 – 2 October 1968) was a French artist whose work is most often associated with the Dadaist and Surrealist movements. Duchamp's output influenced the development of post-World War I Western art.
Cassius described Duchamp's painting "Nude descending a staircase" as "like an explosion went off in a shingle factory." When Cassius torched the Marshlands mansion during the Red Rebellion he regretted that the Duchamp paintings were no longer there, as he would have liked to burn them, too.PresidentWoodrow Wilson, on the other hand, felt Duchamp's work demonstrated a spirit of progressivism in thought and art that was shared by the Entente, but was absent from the Central Powers.
Years after the war, Duchamp painted a "portrait" of Anne Colleton in his signature cubist style which the subject found utterly obscene, much to the amusement of her brother, Tom. Adding insult to injury, the title of the portrait identified Anne Colleton as being from North, not South, Carolina. She then remembered that he spent most of his time at Marshlands "getting drunk and laying nigger serving girls."