Mao Tse-Tung
Historical Figure
Nationality: China
Religion: Buddhism, later Atheism
Date of Birth: 1893
Date of Death: 1976
Cause of Death: Complications arising from Parkinson's Disease
Occupation: Politician, Soldier, Philosopher
Parents: Mao Yichang and Wen Qimei
Spouse: Luo Yixiu (1907–1910)
Yang Kaihui (1920–1930)
He Zizhen (1930–1937)
Jiang Qing (1939–1976)
Children: At least four
Political Party: Chinese Communist Party
Turtledove Appearances:
The Hot War
POD: November, 1950
Appearance(s): Bombs Away
Type of Appearance: Contemporary reference
POD: May 30, 1942
Appearance(s): Upsetting the Balance
Type of Appearance: Direct
The War That Came Early
POD: July 20, 1936;
Relevant POD: September 29, 1938
Appearance(s): Hitler's War
Type of Appearance: Contemporary reference
"The Phantom Tolbukhin"
POD: c. 1937
Type of Appearance: Contemporary reference
Joe Steele
POD: 1878;
Relevant POD: July, 1932
Novel or Story?: Both
Type of Appearance: Contemporary reference
Mao Tse-tung (Pinyin Mao Zedong; Chinese 毛泽东; 26 December 1893 – 9 September 1976) was a Chinese military and political leader who led the Chinese Communist Party (CPC) to victory against the Kuomintang (KMT) in the Chinese Civil War, and was the leader of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976.

Mao Tse-Tung in The Hot WarEdit

In October of 1950, Mao Tse-Tung intervened in the Korean War and dispatched Chinese troops to aid North Korea after UN troops crossed the 38th Parallel. The Chinese intervention completely surprised the UN forces. The Chinese troops succeeded in cutting off three divisions of U.S. troops between the Chosin Reservoir and Hungnam, and throughout November, 1950, those U.S. troops were destroyed.[1]

In response, U.S. President Harry Truman authorized General Douglas MacArthur to use atomic weapons in China if they were the only way to improve the situation.[2] That decision was made on 23 January 1951, and the U.S. bombed several strategic positions in Manchuria.[3] In response, Mao convinced his ally, Joseph Stalin, to launch atomic attacks on U.S. allies in Europe, beginning World War III.[4]

Despite the coming of war, Mao focused on the fighting in Korea, insuring a steady flow of arms to the North Koreans.[5] To insure the flow remained steady, Mao pushed for rapid repairs to the places the U.S. had atom bombed. By April 1951, the rail line through Harbin was functional again.[6]

This article or subsection is a stub because the work is part of a larger, as-of-yet incomplete series.

Mao Tse-Tung in WorldwarEdit


Joseph Stalin provided Mao with much support as he continued his struggle against the Race in China after the Peace of Cairo.

Mao Tse-Tung was the leader of the Chinese Communist Party and for all intents and purposes, the People's Liberation Army. As such, he was a critical leader of resistance to first the invading Japanese from 1937 on, and then against the Race when its Conquest Fleet invaded in 1942.

Prior to 1942, Mao, in addition to fighting Japan, had been locked in a war with China's official leader, Chiang Kai-Shek. The threat the Race posed was too great to allow Mao to continue fighting Chiang, and he made common cause with the Nationalists, and even with Japanese forces stranded in China. The popular front did not preserve China's independence; it was overrun effectively by the Race.[7] Still, Mao sought to assert his himself, even ordering aid Nieh Ho-Ting to demand the PLA inclusion at peace talks in Cairo.[8] This demand was rejected preemptorily by the Race.[9] Even after Nieh, on Mao's orders, suggested that the PLA would get its hands on an explosive-metal bomb, the Race did not yield.[10] In response to the slight, Mao adopted a proposal by Liu Han the PLA launch a series of hard-hitting attacks against the Race, a reminder to the aliens that they would not rule China indefinitely.[11]


Like so many old enemies, Mao and Chiang Kai-Shek were forced to unite in their opposition to the Race's presence in China. Here they celebrate the liberation of Peking

This plan set the tone for Chinese resistance for the decades that followed, making China one of the most restive Race Colonies on Tosev 3. The Communists took the lead, with tremendous material support from the Soviet Union (though Mao strongly distrusted Joseph Stalin and found Vyacheslav Molotov even harder to work with, a feeling that was mutual; Molotov was more than willing to cut Mao off if it helped the USSR.)[12]. He was also helped by the United States when the USSR proved unreliable.[13]

In 1963, Mao's forces temporarily expelled the Race from Peking, Shanghai, and other Chinese cities with the help of other Chinese factions.[14] They were not able to hold the cities long.[15] After a second more successful rebellion in 1965 using shoulder fired missiles,[16] they were able to force the Race's authorities to treat with them diplomatically,[17] though mutual distrust hampered the negotiations. The Race refused to recognize China as independent in the territory it controlled, fearing it would be the beginning of the end of their rule on Earth if they did.[18] Mao's forces still held Peking as of 1966[19] but are presumed to have been forced underground again shortly after.[20]

Despite being a very effective guerrilla leader, Mao never attained his ultimate goal: the possession of an explosive-metal bomb.

Mao Tse-Tung in The War That Came EarlyEdit

Mao Tse-Tung was fighting an effective guerrilla war against the Japanese forces that occupied China, although his supporters both foreign and domestic tended to be fellow Communists.[21]

In early 1939, Corporal Pete McGill of the United States Marine Corps learned that Mao had a taste for sex with very young women. McGill thought the information might come in handy later, and so passed it along to his superiors.[22]

Mao Tse-Tung in "The Phantom Tolbukhin"Edit

By 1947, Mao Tse-Tung's Red Chinese continued to struggle against Japanese occupation, much as Fedor Tolbukhin's Fourth Ukrainian Front did against the Germans.[23]

Mao Tse-Tung in Joe SteeleEdit

Mao Tse-Tung was a Chinese Red who led a civil war against the government of Chiang Kai-Shek before, during and after World War II, including the period when Japan had invaded China.[24] In August 1945, the Soviet Union pushed Japan out of China. However, Soviet Premier Leon Trotsky ensured that Manchuria went to Mao.[25] Throughout the remainder of the 1940s, Mao gained on Chiang's forces,[26] until, in October 1949, just two months after the end of the Japanese War, Mao and his Reds pushed Chiang's forces off of the Chinese mainland.[27]

The U.S. had backed Chiang, and refused to recognize Mao. For a time, U.S. President Joe Steele had considered using atomic bombs to support Chiang, as they'd effectively ended the Japanese War. However, the Soviet ambassador to the U.S., Andrei Gromyko, suggested that any U.S. atomic attack in China might be met with a Soviet atomic attack in Europe.[28]

Literary commentEdit

Mao is only referenced once in the short story, but his role is identical to the novel, and OTL, for that matter.


  1. Bombs Away, pgs. 3-7.
  2. Ibid., pg. 41.
  3. Ibid., pg. 61.
  4. Ibid., pg. 67.
  5. Ibid., pg. 204-205.
  6. Ibid., pgs. 323.
  7. See, In the Balance through Upsetting the Balance, generally.
  8. Striking the Balance, pg. 343.
  9. Ibid.
  10. Ibid., at pg. 344.
  11. Ibid., pgs. 458-460.
  12. Second Contact, e.g. at pg. 17, 109.
  13. Ibid., pg. 163.
  14. Ibid., pgs. 581-582.
  15. Down to Earth, pg. 100, 168-178.
  16. Aftershocks, pgs. 447-491.
  17. Ibid., pg. 491.
  18. Ibid., pg. 492.
  19. Ibid., pgs. 570-575.
  20. Their defeat is not depicted or referenced; when last seen, Peking is under aerial bombardment by the Race.
  21. Hitler's War, pg. 449.
  22. Ibid., pg. 451.
  23. Alternate Generals, p. 125, Counting Up, Counting Down, p. 116.
  24. Joe Steele, pg. 325.
  25. Ibid.
  26. Ibid., pg. 358.
  27. Ibid., pg. 376.
  28. Ibid, pg. 376-377.

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